Diffusion tensor imaging of fetal brain: principles, potential and limitations of promising technique - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology = Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology Year : 2022

Diffusion tensor imaging of fetal brain: principles, potential and limitations of promising technique

Abstract

Human brain development is a complex process that begins in the third week of gestation. During early development, the fetal brain undergoes dynamic morphological changes. These changes result from events such as neurogenesis, neuronal migration, synapse formation, axonal growth and myelination. Disruption of any of these processes is thought to be responsible for a wide array of different pathologies. Recent advances in magnetic resonance imaging, especially diffusion-weighted imaging and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), have enabled characterization and evaluation of brain development in utero. In this review, aimed at practitioners involved in fetal medicine and high-risk pregnancies, we provide a comprehensive overview of fetal DTI studies focusing on characterization of early normal brain development as well as evaluation of brain pathology in utero. We also discuss the reliability and limitations of fetal brain DTI.
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hal-03976243 , version 1 (06-02-2023)

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R. Corroenne, C. Arthuis, G. Kasprian, H. Mahallati, Y. Ville, et al.. Diffusion tensor imaging of fetal brain: principles, potential and limitations of promising technique. Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology = Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology, 2022, 60 (4), pp.470-476. ⟨10.1002/uog.24935⟩. ⟨hal-03976243⟩
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