Individual phenology and spatial heterogeneity shape plant reproduction through plant-pollinator interactions - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Conference Papers Year : 2022

Individual phenology and spatial heterogeneity shape plant reproduction through plant-pollinator interactions

A.J. Vanbergen

Abstract

Plant-pollinator interactions condition the seed set of insect-pollinated plants. Pollination competition and facilitation amongst co-flowering plants produce unequally distributed reproductive outcomes amongst plant species and individuals. Moreover, spatio-temporal heterogeneity in floral resources and plant traits (e.g. phenology) can modulate the plant-pollinator interactions, at different ecological scales, that a plant individual is exposed to during its flowering period, with implications for pollination and seed set. Using a field experiment, we tested how multi-scale plant-pollinator interactions, modulated by flowering phenology and spatio-temporal floral heterogeneity (arising from agroecological infrastructure) combined to affect the seed set of individual wild plant species. We transplanted replicates of insect-pollinated plant species contrasting in flowering phenology, Cyanus segetum and Centaurea jacea (Asteraceae), into sown wildflower or legume-grass field borders across a farm-scale agroecological experiment. We recorded the flowering period of each individual plant, the corresponding plant-pollinator interactions at individual, local community and agroecosystem-scales, and the subsequent seed production. Our phenologically constrained models of C. segetum/C. jacea seed set revealed that the individual plant attractiveness (integrating floral display and visitation rate), the local plant-insect community composition (richness or density) and the size and architecture of the agroecosystem-scale plant-pollinator network combined in specific ways for each focal species to influence seed set. For C. segetum, competition and facilitation between the focal individuals and other plant species co-existed at the local floral community scale, with the net balance conditioned by the position of C. segetum in the agro-ecosystem scale interactionnetwork. For C. jacea, facilitation of seed set dominated at the community scale through the combination of individual attractiveness and the community floral density. Individual plant seed set was thus shaped by patterns in diversity and network structure that imply a cooccurrence of pollinator-mediated facilitative and competitive interactions operating within and between ecological scales.
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Dates and versions

hal-03993639 , version 1 (17-02-2023)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03993639 , version 1

Cite

Audrey Labonté, A.J. Vanbergen. Individual phenology and spatial heterogeneity shape plant reproduction through plant-pollinator interactions. SFE² GfÖ EEF. Joint meeting, International Conference on Ecological Sciences. "Ecology and Evolution: New perspectives and societal challenges", Nov 2022, Metz, France. ⟨hal-03993639⟩
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