Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency in Mice Increases White Adipose Tissue Inflammation in Offspring - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Cells Year : 2022

Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency in Mice Increases White Adipose Tissue Inflammation in Offspring

Abstract

Vitamin D is acknowledged to play an important biological and metabolic role in adipose tissue, which is also the main storage site for this vitamin. Its anti-inflammatory effect in adipocytes and adipose tissue has notably been highlighted in adult mice. This vitamin is also crucial during fetal development since maternal vitamin D deficiency is suspected to program future metabolic disorders. Based on these observations, the aim of this study was to evaluate the consequences of maternal vitamin D deficiency (VDD) on white adipose tissue inflammation in adult offspring fed with normal or obesogenic diet (high-fat diet). White adipose tissue morphology, RNA and miRNA expression profiles, and signaling pathways were studied in adult males and females. In males, a HF diet coupled with maternal VDD increased expression of RNA and miRNA linked to inflammation leading to over-representation of inflammatory pathways. Interestingly, genomic and epigenetic profiles were associated with activation of the NF-kB signaling pathway and adiposity index. In females, no major modulation of inflammatory pathways was observed under VDD, contrarily to males. We concluded that maternal VDD coupled with HF diet activated inflammatory pathway in adipose tissue of the offspring, in a sex-dependent manner. Such activation is strongly related to activation of NF-kB signaling and increased adiposity only in males.
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Dates and versions

hal-03994649 , version 1 (17-02-2023)

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Nicole Haroun, Imene Bennour, Eva Seipelt, Julien Astier, Charlene Couturier, et al.. Maternal Vitamin D Deficiency in Mice Increases White Adipose Tissue Inflammation in Offspring. Cells, 2022, 11 (13), pp.2024. ⟨10.3390/cells11132024⟩. ⟨hal-03994649⟩
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