Designing a Proximal Sensing Camera Acquisition System for Vineyard Applications: Results and Feedback on 8 Years of Experiments - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Sensors Year : 2023

Designing a Proximal Sensing Camera Acquisition System for Vineyard Applications: Results and Feedback on 8 Years of Experiments

Abstract

The potential of image proximal sensing for agricultural applications has been a prolific scientific subject in the recent literature. Its main appeal lies in the sensing of precise information about plant status, which is either harder or impossible to extract from lower-resolution downward-looking image sensors such as satellite or drone imagery. Yet, many theoretical and practical problems arise when dealing with proximal sensing, especially on perennial crops such as vineyards. Indeed, vineyards exhibit challenging physical obstacles and many degrees of variability in their layout. In this paper, we present the design of a mobile camera suited to vineyards and harsh experimental conditions, as well as the results and assessments of 8 years’ worth of studies using that camera. These projects ranged from in-field yield estimation (berry counting) to disease detection, providing new insights on typical viticulture problems that could also be generalized to orchard crops. Different recommendations are then provided using small case studies, such as the difficulties related to framing plots with different structures or the mounting of the sensor on a moving vehicle. While results stress the obvious importance and strong benefits of a thorough experimental design, they also indicate some inescapable pitfalls, illustrating the need for more robust image analysis algorithms and better databases. We believe sharing that experience with the scientific community can only benefit the future development of these innovative approaches.
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hal-03997313 , version 1 (20-02-2023)

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Florian Rançon, Barna Keresztes, Aymeric Deshayes, Malo Tardif, Florent Abdelghafour, et al.. Designing a Proximal Sensing Camera Acquisition System for Vineyard Applications: Results and Feedback on 8 Years of Experiments. Sensors, 2023, 23 (2), pp.847. ⟨10.3390/s23020847⟩. ⟨hal-03997313⟩
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