Experimental community coalescence sheds light on microbial interactions in soil and restores impaired functions - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiome Year : 2023

Experimental community coalescence sheds light on microbial interactions in soil and restores impaired functions

Sarah Huet
Sana Romdhane
David Bru
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1144376
  • IdHAL : david-bru
Aymé Spor

Abstract

Background Microbes typically live in communities where individuals can interact with each other in numerous ways. However, knowledge on the importance of these interactions is limited and derives mainly from studies using a limited number of species grown in coculture. Here, we manipulated soil microbial communities to assess the contribution of interactions between microorganisms for assembly of the soil microbiome. Results By combining experimental removal (taxa depletion in the community) and coalescence (mixing of manipulated and control communities) approaches, we demonstrated that interactions between microorganisms can play a key role in determining their fitness during soil recolonization. The coalescence approach not only revealed the importance of density-dependent interactions in microbial community assembly but also allowed to restore partly or fully community diversity and soil functions. Microbial community manipulation resulted in shifts in both inorganic nitrogen pools and soil pH, which were related to the proportion of ammonia-oxidizing bacteria. Conclusions Our work provides new insights into the understanding of the importance of microbial interactions in soil. Our top-down approach combining removal and coalescence manipulation also allowed linking community structure and ecosystem functions. Furthermore, these results highlight the potential of manipulating microbial communities for the restoration of soil ecosystems.
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hal-04019313 , version 1 (08-03-2023)

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Sarah Huet, Sana Romdhane, Marie-Christine Breuil, David Bru, Arnaud Mounier, et al.. Experimental community coalescence sheds light on microbial interactions in soil and restores impaired functions. Microbiome, 2023, 11, pp.art. 42. ⟨10.1186/s40168-023-01480-7⟩. ⟨hal-04019313⟩
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