The early bud gets the cold: Diverging spring phenology drives exposure to late frost in a Picea mariana [(Mill.) BSP ] common garden - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Physiologia Plantarum Year : 2022

The early bud gets the cold: Diverging spring phenology drives exposure to late frost in a Picea mariana [(Mill.) BSP ] common garden

Abstract

Under climate change, the increasing occurrence of late frost combined with advancing spring phenology can increase the risk of frost damage in trees. In this study, we tested the link between intra-specific variability in bud phenology and frost exposure and damages. We analysed the effects of the 2021 late frost event in a black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP) common garden in Québec, Canada. We hypothesised that the timing of budbreak drives the exposure of vulnerable tissues and explains differences in frost damage. Budbreak was monitored from 2015 to 2021 in 371 trees from five provenances originating between 48°and 53°N and planted in a common garden at 48°N. Frost damages were assessed on the same trees through the pro-portion of damaged buds per tree and related to the phenological phases by ordinal regressions. After an unusually warm spring, minimum temperatures fell to -1.9°Con May 28 and 29, 2021. At this moment, trees from the northern provenances were more advanced in their phenology and showed more frost damage. Provenances with earlier budbreak had a higher probability of damage occurrence according to ordinal regression. Our study highlights the importance of intra-specific variability of pheno-logical traits on the risk of frost exposure. We provide evidence that the timings of bud phenology affect sensitivity to frost, leading to damages at temperatures of -1.9°C. Under the same conditions, the earlier growth reactivation observed in the northern provenances increases the risks of late frost damage on the developing buds.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Physiologia Plantarum - 2022 - Mura - The early bud gets the cold Diverging spring phenology drives exposure to late frost.pdf (1.43 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-04030226 , version 1 (15-03-2023)

Identifiers

Cite

Claudio Mura, Valentina Buttò, Roberto Silvestro, Annie Deslauriers, Guillaume Charrier, et al.. The early bud gets the cold: Diverging spring phenology drives exposure to late frost in a Picea mariana [(Mill.) BSP ] common garden. Physiologia Plantarum, 2022, 174 (6), ⟨10.1111/ppl.13798⟩. ⟨hal-04030226⟩
11 View
47 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More