Climate‐related range shifts in Arctic‐breeding shorebirds - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Ecology and Evolution Year : 2023

Climate‐related range shifts in Arctic‐breeding shorebirds

Abstract

Aim To test whether the occupancy of shorebirds has changed in the eastern Canadian Arctic, and whether these changes could indicate that shorebird distributions are shifting in response to long-term climate change.Location Foxe Basin and Rasmussen Lowlands, Nunavut, Canada.Methods We used a unique set of observations, made 25 years apart, using general linear models to test if there was a relationship between changes in shorebird species' occupancy and their species temperature Index, a simple version of a species climate envelope.Results Changes in occupancy and density varied widely across species, with some increasing and some decreasing. This is despite that overall population trends are known to be negative for all of these species based on surveys during migration. The changes in occupancy that we observed were positively related to the species temperature index, such that the warmer-breeding species appear to be moving into these regions, while colder-breeding species appear to be shifting out of the regions, likely northward.Main Conclusions Our results suggest that we should be concerned about declining breeding habitat availability for bird species whose current breeding ranges are centered on higher and colder latitudes.
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hal-04034886 , version 1 (17-03-2023)

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Christine M Anderson, Lenore Fahrig, Jennie Rausch, Jean‐louis Martin, Tanguy Daufresne, et al.. Climate‐related range shifts in Arctic‐breeding shorebirds. Ecology and Evolution, 2023, 13, pp.e9797. ⟨10.1002/ece3.9797⟩. ⟨hal-04034886⟩
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