Inter and intraspecific variability of dieldrin accumulation in Cucurbita fruits: New perspectives for food safety and phytomanagement of contaminated soils - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

Inter and intraspecific variability of dieldrin accumulation in Cucurbita fruits: New perspectives for food safety and phytomanagement of contaminated soils

Abstract

Due to past agricultural practices, it is common to identify arable soils contaminated with persistent and potentially toxic organochlorine pesticides (OCPs). Occurrence of OCPs, including dieldrin, in vegetables can lead to chronic exposure of the consumers. Some market vegetables, particularly the Cucurbitaceae, are known to accumulate high OCP concentrations. Dieldrin concentration in Cucurbita fruits can exceed the Maximal Residue Limit (MRL) resulting in cultivation and sale restrictions for market gardeners. To assess the intra- and interspecific variability of Cucurbitaceae species for low dieldrin concentration in fruits could be a solution. Here, 24 varieties from seven Cucurbitaceae species were cultivated outdoors in large pots, until fruiting, in soils historically contaminated with dieldrin. More than 330 fruits were harvested and analyzed for determining the inter and intraspecific variability of dieldrin accumulation. Significant interspecific differences occurred with mean fruit concentration ranging between 4.2 ± 7.0 and 85.0 ± 19.4 μg dieldrin kg−1 fresh weigh (FW) in watermelons (C. lanatus L.) and cucumbers (C. sativus L.), respectively. Intraspecific differences only occurred for Cucurbita pepo L. with mean concentration ranging between 4.9 ± 1.1 and 70.3 ± 3.6 μg dieldrin kg−1 FW for the varieties Noire maraîchère and Orélia, respectively. For this plant species, the influence of soil concentration, plant exposure time and biomass on fruit dieldrin concentration depended mainly on varieties.
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Dates and versions

hal-04057524 , version 1 (04-04-2023)

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M.-C. Affholder, G.J.V. Cohen, S. Gombert-Courvoisier, Michel J Mench. Inter and intraspecific variability of dieldrin accumulation in Cucurbita fruits: New perspectives for food safety and phytomanagement of contaminated soils. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 859, pp.160152. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2022.160152⟩. ⟨hal-04057524⟩
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