Extracts of Ulva lactuca Induce Responses against Penicillium digitatum on Oranges - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Phycology Year : 2023

Extracts of Ulva lactuca Induce Responses against Penicillium digitatum on Oranges

Abstract

Penicillium digitatum causes severe damage to postharvest and stored citrus fruits, making it necessary to seek acceptable solutions limiting environmental and sanitary impacts. The seaweed liquid extracts (SLEs) obtained from the green macroalgae Ulva lactuca have previously shown anti-fungal activities towards postharvest green mold due to P. digitatum. Moreover, treatment with aqueous and ethanolic extracts had an influence on disease incidence and lesion severity on wounded oranges “Valentia late”. Therefore, we studied the abilities of the U. lactuca extracts and chlorophyll a (as a standard) to activate defense mechanisms in oranges. The analyses showed modifications in the protein concentrations and activities of β-1,3-glucanase and peroxidase in orange tissues, with a maximum activity level reached at 72 h after treatments. It appears that the SLEs were able to fight P. digitatum infections in the absence of direct contact with the pathogen, reflecting that the induction of host resistance is also a probable mode of action. Ulva lactuca fractions are rich in chlorophyll a, polyphenols, organic acids and ulvans, which might be the key molecules involved in the defense mechanism of oranges’ albedo. The use of these natural substances could be an alternative way to control postharvest citrus rot.
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hal-04058071 , version 1 (04-04-2023)

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Douaa Salim, Josephine Al-Alam, Othmane Merah, Asma Chbani, Pascale de Caro. Extracts of Ulva lactuca Induce Responses against Penicillium digitatum on Oranges. Journal of Phycology, 2023, 3 (1), pp.202-210. ⟨10.3390/phycology3010013⟩. ⟨hal-04058071⟩
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