Effects of temporal floral resource availability and non-crop habitats on broad bean pollination - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Landscape Ecology Year : 2022

Effects of temporal floral resource availability and non-crop habitats on broad bean pollination

Abstract

Abstract Context Flowering plants can enhance wild insect populations and their pollination services to crops in agricultural landscapes, especially when they flower before the focal crop. However, characterizing the temporal availability of specific floral resources is a challenge. Objectives Developing an index for the availability of floral resources at the landscape scale according to the specific use by a pollinator. Investigating whether detailed and temporally-resolved floral resource maps predict pollination success of broad bean better than land cover maps. Methods We mapped plant species used as pollen source by bumblebees in 24 agricultural landscapes and developed an index of floral resource availability for different times of the flowering season. To measure pollination success, patches of broad bean ( Vicia faba ), a plant typically pollinated by bumblebees, were exposed in the center of selected landscapes. Results Higher floral resource availability before bean flowering led to enhanced seed set. Floral resource availability synchronous to broad bean flowering had no effect. Seed set was somewhat better explained by land cover maps than by floral resource availability, increasing with urban area and declining with the cover of arable land. Conclusions The timing of alternative floral resource availability is important for crop pollination. The higher explanation of pollination success by land cover maps than by floral resource availability indicates that additional factors such as habitat disturbance and nesting sites play a role in pollination. Enhancing non-crop woody plants in agricultural landscapes as pollen sources may ensure higher levels of crop pollination by wild pollinators such as bumblebees.

Dates and versions

hal-04059568 , version 1 (05-04-2023)

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Philipp W Eckerter, Matthias Albrecht, Colette Bertrand, Erika Gobet, Felix Herzog, et al.. Effects of temporal floral resource availability and non-crop habitats on broad bean pollination. Landscape Ecology, 2022, 37 (6), pp.1573-1586. ⟨10.1007/s10980-022-01448-2⟩. ⟨hal-04059568⟩
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