Molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase in dystrophic (mdx) mouse tissues - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Neuromuscular Disorders Year : 1992

Molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase in dystrophic (mdx) mouse tissues


We analyzed the activity of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) and its molecular forms in the tissues of normal and dystrophic (mdx) mice, at different developmental stages. We studied the brain, the heart and the serum, in addition to four predominantly fast-twitch muscles (tibialis, plantaris, gastrocnemius and extensor digitorum longus (EDL)) and the slow-twitch, soleus muscle. We found no difference between mdx and control mice in the AChE activity of the brain and the heart. The skeletal muscles affected by the disease undergo active degeneration counterbalanced by regeneration between 3 and 14 weeks after birth. The distribution of AChE patches associated with neuromuscular junctions was abnormally scattered in mdx muscles, and in some cases (tibialis and soleus), the number of endplates was more than twice that of normal muscles. There were only minor differences in the concentration and pattern of AChE molecular forms during the acute phase of muscle degeneration and regeneration. After this period, however, we observed a marked deficit in the membrane-bound G4 molecular form of AChE in adult mdx tibialis, gastrocnemius and EDL but not in the plantaris or in the soleus, as compared with their normal counterparts. Whereas the amount of AChE markedly decreased in the serum of normal mice during the first weeks of life, it remained essentially unchanged in the serum of mdx mice. It is likely that this excess of AChE activity in serum originates from the muscles. A deficit in muscle G4 was also reported in other forms of muscular dystrophy in the mouse and chicken. Since it is not correlated to the acute phase of the disease in mdx and also occurs in genetically different dystrophies, it probably represents a secondary effect of the dystrophy.

Dates and versions

hal-04083944 , version 1 (27-04-2023)



Lisa Oliver, Jean-Marc Chatel, Jean Massoulié, Marc Vigny, François Vallette. Molecular forms of acetylcholinesterase in dystrophic (mdx) mouse tissues. Neuromuscular Disorders, 1992, 2 (2), pp 87-97. ⟨10.1016/0960-8966(92)90040-D⟩. ⟨hal-04083944⟩


3 View
0 Download



Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More