Predicting the Effects of Climate Change on Dengue Vector Densities in Southeast Asia through Process-Based Modeling - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Health Perspectives Year : 2022

Predicting the Effects of Climate Change on Dengue Vector Densities in Southeast Asia through Process-Based Modeling

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes are major vectors for several human diseases of global importance, such as dengue and yellow fever. Their life cycles and hosted arboviruses are climate sensitive and thus expected to be impacted by climate change. Most studies investigating climate change impacts on Aedes at global or continental scales focused on their future global distribution changes, whereas a single study focused on its effects on Ae. aegypti densities regionally. OBJECTIVES: A process-based approach was used to model densities of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus and their potential evolution with climate change using a panel of nine CMIP6 climate models and climate scenarios ranging from strong to low mitigation measures at the Southeast Asian scale and for the next 80 y. METHODS: The process-based model described, through a system of ordinary differential equations, the variations of mosquito densities in 10 compartments, corresponding to 10 different stages of mosquito life cycle, in response to temperature and precipitation variations. Local field data were used to validate model outputs. RESULTS: We show that both species densities will globally increase due to future temperature increases. In Southeast Asia by the end of the century, Ae. aegypti densities are expected to increase from 25% with climate mitigation measures to 46% without; Ae. albopictus densities are expected to increase from 13%-21%, respectively. However, we find spatially contrasted responses at the seasonal scales with a significant decrease in Ae. albopictus densities in lowlands during summer in the future. DISCUSSION: These results contrast with previous results, which brings new insight on the future impacts of climate change on Aedes densities. Major sources of uncertainties, such as mosquito model parametrization and climate model uncertainties, were addressed to explore the limits of such modeling.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Lucas-Bonin-2023pdf.pdf (2.43 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)

Dates and versions

hal-04102349 , version 1 (22-05-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Lucas Bonnin, Annelise Tran, Vincent Herbreteau, Sébastien Marcombe, Sébastien Boyer, et al.. Predicting the Effects of Climate Change on Dengue Vector Densities in Southeast Asia through Process-Based Modeling. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2022, 130 (12), ⟨10.1289/EHP11068⟩. ⟨hal-04102349⟩
106 View
10 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More