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Journal Articles Animals Year : 2023

Evaluation Survey on Agreement with Existing Definitions of Biosecurity with a Focus on Livestock

Abstract

Disease prevention, including biosecurity, surveillance, and traceability are key aspects to minimize the risk of animal diseases causing harm to society. Diseases for which biosecurity are needed depend on species of interest, e.g., African swine fever, avian influenza, or foot-and-mouth disease. However, several definitions of biosecurity co-exist in the literature. Under the new COST Action “Biosecurity Enhanced Through Training Evaluation and Raising Awareness” (BETTER) CA20103, we launched an initial survey on the agreement with eight existing definitions of (livestock) biosecurity, to rank keywords to consider before attempting a more consolidated definition, and to select the desirable qualities of a definition of livestock biosecurity. Respondents (N = 316) had a male–female gender ratio close to one, were mostly between 25 and 54 years old, and had animal health as the main field of expertise (30% were government officials). The significant most popular biosecurity definition was the one that conceptualized the rules of 5B’s (bio-exclusion, bio-containment, bio-compartmentation, bio-prevention, and bio-preservation). The top two keywords to consider for the consolidation of the biosecurity definition were “prevention” and “measures”. The optimal biosecurity definition needs to be operational and related to animal health but also comprehensible, simple, and related to public health. The survey results highlight the need for the integration of more aspects in the existing definitions of livestock biosecurity (prevention of zoonoses and preservation of the environment and diversity).
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hal-04117264 , version 1 (05-06-2023)

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Claude Saegerman, Gianni Parisi, Jarkko Niemi, Marie-France Humblet, Jorge Ron-Román, et al.. Evaluation Survey on Agreement with Existing Definitions of Biosecurity with a Focus on Livestock. Animals, 2023, 13 (9), pp.1518. ⟨10.3390/ani13091518⟩. ⟨hal-04117264⟩
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