Chytrids alleviate the harmful effect of heat and cyanobacteria diet on Daphnia via PUFA-upgrading - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Plankton Research Year : 2023

Chytrids alleviate the harmful effect of heat and cyanobacteria diet on Daphnia via PUFA-upgrading

Abstract

Abstract Chytrid fungal parasites increase herbivory and dietary access to essential molecules, such as polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), at the phytoplankton–zooplankton interface. Warming enhances cyanobacteria blooms and decreases algae-derived PUFA for zooplankton. Whether chytrids could support zooplankton with PUFA under global warming scenarios remains unknown. We tested the combined effect of water temperature (ambient: 18°C, heat: +6°C) and the presence of chytrids with Daphnia magna as the consumer, and Planktothrix rubescens as the main diet. We hypothesized that chytrids would support Daphnia fitness with PUFA, irrespective of water temperature. Heating was detrimental to the fitness of Daphnia when feeding solely on the Planktothrix diet. Chytrid-infected Planktothrix diet alleviated the negative impact of heat and could support Daphnia survival, somatic growth and reproduction. Carbon stable isotopes of fatty acids highlighted a ~3x more efficient n-3 than n-6 PUFA conversion by Daphnia feeding on the chytrid-infected diet, irrespective of temperature. The chytrid diet significantly increased eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; 20:5n-3) and arachidonic acid (ARA; 20:4n-6) retention in Daphnia. The EPA retention remained unaffected, while ARA retention increased in response to heat. We conclude that chytrids support pelagic ecosystem functioning under cyanobacteria blooms and global warming via chytrids-conveyed PUFA toward higher trophic levels.
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hal-04152874 , version 1 (05-07-2023)

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András Abonyi, Matthias Pilecky, Serena Rasconi, Robert Ptacnik, Martin J Kainz. Chytrids alleviate the harmful effect of heat and cyanobacteria diet on Daphnia via PUFA-upgrading. Journal of Plankton Research, 2023, 45 (3), pp.454-466. ⟨10.1093/plankt/fbad012⟩. ⟨hal-04152874⟩
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