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Journal Articles Physical Review Research Year : 2022

Microbial narrow-escape is facilitated by wall interactions

Abstract

Cells have evolved efficient strategies to probe their surroundings and navigate through complex environments. From metastatic spread in the body to swimming cells in porous materials, escape through narrow constrictionsa key component of any structured environment connecting isolated microdomains-is one ubiquitous and crucial aspect of cell exploration. Here, using the model microalgae Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, we combine experiments and simulations to achieve a tractable realization of the classical Brownian narrow-escape problem in the context of active confined matter. Our results differ from those expected for Brownian particles or leaking chaotic billiards and demonstrate that cell-wall interactions substantially modify escape rates and, under generic conditions, expedite spread dynamics.
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hal-04166335 , version 1 (19-07-2023)

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Mathieu Souzy, Antoine Allard, Jean-François Louf, Matteo Contino, Idan Tuval, et al.. Microbial narrow-escape is facilitated by wall interactions. Physical Review Research, 2022, 4 (2), pp.L022029. ⟨10.1103/physrevresearch.4.l022029⟩. ⟨hal-04166335⟩

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