Group B Streptococcus CRISPR1 Typing of Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal Infectious Disease Isolates Highlights the Importance of CC1 in In Utero Fetal Death - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiology Spectrum Year : 2023

Group B Streptococcus CRISPR1 Typing of Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal Infectious Disease Isolates Highlights the Importance of CC1 in In Utero Fetal Death

Abstract

We performed a descriptive analysis of group B Streptococcus (GBS) isolates responsible for maternal and fetal infectious diseases from 2004 to 2020 at the University Hospital of Tours, France. This represents 115 isolates, including 35 isolates responsible for early-onset disease (EOD), 48 isolates responsible for late-onset disease (LOD), and 32 isolates from maternal infections. Among the 32 isolates associated with maternal infection, 9 were isolated in the context of chorioamnionitis associated with in utero fetal death. Analysis of neonatal infection distribution over time highlighted the decrease in EOD since the early 2000s, while LOD incidence has remained relatively stable. All GBS isolates were analyzed by sequencing their CRISPR1 locus, which is an efficient way to determine the phylogenetic affiliation of strains, as it correlates with the lineages defined by multilocus sequence typing (MLST). Thus, the CRISPR1 typing method allowed us to assign a clonal complex (CC) to all isolates; among these isolates, CC17 was predominant (60/115, 52%), and the other main CCs, such as CC1 (19/115, 17%), CC10 (9/115, 8%), CC19 (8/115, 7%), and CC23 (15/115, 13%), were also identified. As expected, CC17 isolates (39/48, 81.3%) represented the majority of LOD isolates. Unexpectedly, we found mainly CC1 isolates (6/9) and no CC17 isolates that were responsible for in utero fetal death. Such a result highlights the possibility of a particular role of this CC in in utero infection, and further investigations should be conducted on a larger group of GBS isolated in a context of in utero fetal death. IMPORTANCE Group B Streptococcus is the leading bacterium responsible for maternal and neonatal infections worldwide, also involved in preterm birth, stillbirth, and fetal death. In this study, we determined the clonal complex of all GBS isolates responsible for neonatal diseases (early-and late-onset diseases) and maternal invasive infections, including chorioamnionitis associated with in utero fetal death. All GBS was isolated at the University Hospital of Tours from 2004 to 2020. We described the local group B Streptococcus epidemiology, which confirmed national and international data concerning neonatal disease incidence and clonal complex distribution. Indeed, neonatal diseases are mainly characterized by CC17 isolates, especially in late-onset disease. Interestingly, we identified mainly CC1 isolates responsible for in utero fetal death. CC1 could have a particular role in this context, and such a result should be confirmed on a larger group of GBS isolated from in utero fetal death.
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hal-04171297 , version 1 (26-07-2023)

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Brice Le Gallou, Adeline Pastuszka, Coralie Lemaire, Laurent Mereghetti, Philippe Lanotte. Group B Streptococcus CRISPR1 Typing of Maternal, Fetal, and Neonatal Infectious Disease Isolates Highlights the Importance of CC1 in In Utero Fetal Death. Microbiology Spectrum, 2023, 11 (4), pp.e0522122. ⟨10.1128/spectrum.05221-22⟩. ⟨hal-04171297⟩
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