Insights into the metabolic specificities of pathogenic strains from the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles mSystems Year : 2023

Insights into the metabolic specificities of pathogenic strains from the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex


ABSTRACT All the strains grouped under the species Ralstonia solanacearum represent a species complex responsible for many diseases on agricultural crops throughout the world. The strains have different lifestyles and host range. Here, we investigated whether specific metabolic pathways contribute to strain diversification. To this end, we carried out systematic comparisons on 11 strains representing the diversity of the species complex. We reconstructed the metabolic network of each strain from its genome sequence and looked for the metabolic pathways differentiating the different reconstructed networks and, by extension, the different strains. Finally, we conducted an experimental validation by determining the metabolic profile of each strain with the Biolog technology. Results revealed that the metabolism is conserved between strains, with a core metabolism composed of 82% of the pan-reactome. The three species composing the species complex could be distinguished according to the presence/absence of some metabolic pathways, in particular, one involving salicylic acid degradation. Phenotypic assays revealed that the trophic preferences on organic acids and several amino acids such as glutamine, glutamate, aspartate, and asparagine are conserved between strains. Finally, we generated mutants lacking the quorum-sensing-dependent regulator PhcA in four diverse strains, and we showed that the phcA- dependent trade-off between growth and production of virulence factors is conserved across the R. solanacearum species complex. IMPORTANCE Ralstonia solanacearum is one of the most important threats to plant health worldwide, causing disease on a very large range of agricultural crops such as tomato or potato. Behind the R. solanacearum name are hundreds of strains with different host range and lifestyle, classified into three species. Studying the differences between strains allows to better apprehend the biology of the pathogens and the specificity of some strains. None of the published genomic comparative studies have focused on the metabolism of the strains so far. We developed a new bioinformatic pipeline to build high-quality metabolic networks and used a combination of metabolic modeling and high-throughput phenotypic Biolog microplates to look for the metabolic differences between 11 strains across the three species. Our study revealed that genes encoding enzymes are overall conserved, with few variations between strains. However, more variations were observed when considering substrate usage. These variations probably result from regulation rather than the presence or absence of enzymes in the genome.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
Baroukh-2023.pdf (860.7 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Files produced by the author(s)
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-04172034 , version 1 (27-07-2023)





Caroline Baroukh, Ludovic Cottret, Emma Pires, Rémi Peyraud, Alice Guidot, et al.. Insights into the metabolic specificities of pathogenic strains from the Ralstonia solanacearum species complex. mSystems, 2023, 18 p. ⟨10.1128/msystems.00083-23⟩. ⟨hal-04172034⟩
18 View
1 Download



Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More