Initial type and abundance of cyanobacteria determine morphotype development of phototrophic ecosystems - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles FEMS Microbiology Ecology Year : 2023

Initial type and abundance of cyanobacteria determine morphotype development of phototrophic ecosystems

Abstract

Phototrophic aggregates containing filamentous cyanobacteria occur naturally, e.g. as cryoconite on glaciers and microbialites in fresh or marine waters, but their formation is not fully understood. Laboratory models are now available to reproduce aggregation, i.e. the formation of different morphotypes like hemispheroids, microbial mats, or sphere-like aggregates we call photogranules. In the model, activated sludge as starting matrix is transformed into aggregates enclosed by a phototrophic layer of growing cyanobacteria. These cyanobacteria were either enriched from the matrix or we added them intentionally. We hypothesize that the resulting morphotype depends on the type and concentration of the added cyanobacteria. When cyanobacteria from mature photogranules were added to activated sludge, photogranulation was not observed but microbial mats formed. Photogranulation of sludge could be promoted when adding sufficient quantities of cyanobacterial strains that form clumps when grown as isolates. The cyanobacteria putatively responsible for photogranulation were undetectable or only present in low abundance in the final communities of photogranules, that was always dominated by mat- forming cyanobacteria. We suggest that in a temporal succession, the ecosystem engineer initiating photogranulation eventually disappears, leaving behind its structural legacy. We conclude that understanding phototrophic aggregate formation requires considering the initial succession stages of the ecosystem development.
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Dates and versions

hal-04182443 , version 1 (20-09-2023)

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Esmee Joosten, Jérôme Hamelin, Kim Milferstedt. Initial type and abundance of cyanobacteria determine morphotype development of phototrophic ecosystems. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2023, 99 (9), pp.fiad099. ⟨10.1093/femsec/fiad099⟩. ⟨hal-04182443⟩
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