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Journal Articles FEMS Microbiology Reviews Year : 2023

Faecalibacterium : a bacterial genus with promising human health applications

Abstract

In humans, many diseases are associated with alterations in gut microbiota, namely increases or decreases in the abundance of specific bacterial groups. One example is the genus Faecalibacterium. Numerous studies have underscored that low levels of Faecalibacterium are correlated with inflammatory conditions, with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the forefront. Its representation is also diminished in the case of several diseases, including colorectal cancer (CRC), dermatitis, and depression. Additionally, the relative presence of this genus is considered to reflect, at least in part, intestinal health status because Faecalibacterium is frequently present at reduced levels in individuals with gastrointestinal diseases or disorders. In this review, we first thoroughly describe updates to the taxonomy of Faecalibacterium, which has transformed a single-species taxon to a multispecies taxon over the last decade. We then explore the links discovered between Faecalibacterium abundance and various diseases since the first IBD-focused studies were published. Next, we examine current available strategies for modulating Faecalibacterium levels in the gut. Finally, we summarize the mechanisms underlying the beneficial effects that have been attributed to this genus. Together, epidemiological and experimental data strongly support the use of Faecalibacterium as a next-generation probiotic (NGP) or live biotherapeutic product (LBP).

Dates and versions

hal-04189185 , version 1 (28-08-2023)

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Rebeca Martín, David Rios-Covian, Eugénie Huillet, Sandrine S. Auger, Sarah Khazaal, et al.. Faecalibacterium : a bacterial genus with promising human health applications. FEMS Microbiology Reviews, 2023, 47 (4), pp. 1-18. ⟨10.1093/femsre/fuad039⟩. ⟨hal-04189185⟩
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