Microbial ecological clusters structured by environments drive maize residue decomposition at the continental scale - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Science of the Total Environment Year : 2023

Microbial ecological clusters structured by environments drive maize residue decomposition at the continental scale

Laurent Philippot

Abstract

Environmental factors (e.g., climate and edaphic factors) indirectly regulate residue decomposition via microbial communities. Microbial ecological clusters (eco-clusters) structured by specific environmental factors have consequences for ecosystem functions. However, less is known about how microbial eco-clusters affect residue decomposition, especially over broad geographic scales. We collected agricultural soils from adjacent pairs of upland and paddy fields along a latitudinal gradient from the cold-temperature zone to the tropical zone, and conducted a microcosm experiment with 13C-labelled maize residue to explore the continental pattern of maize residue-derived 13CO2 (RDC), and whether and how microbial eco-clusters drive and predict RDC. Results showed that RDC decreased with latitude in both upland and paddy fields. Further, we identified 21 well-defined eco-clusters according to microbial environmental preferences, which explained 51.15 % of the spatial variations in RDC. The eco-clusters of high-total annual precipitation (TAP), high-mean annual temperature (MAT), low-pH, and some low-nutrient-associated exerted a positive effect on RDC. These eco-clusters contained many taxa belonging to the Actinobacteriota, Firmicutes, and Sordariomycetes, and their relative abundance decreased with latitude. Upland soils displayed 2.40-fold of RDC over paddy soils. Low-pH and high-organic matter (OM) eco-clusters were found to be the most prominent predictors of RDC in upland and paddy fields, respectively. Finally, we constructed a continental atlas of RDC in both upland and paddy fields based on eco-clusters and high-resolution climate and soil data. Overall, our study provides important evidence that historical environment-shaped microbial eco-clusters can drive and predict residue decomposition, providing new insights into how environmental factors indirectly regulate residue decomposition.
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Dates and versions

hal-04214585 , version 1 (22-09-2023)

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Meiling Zhang, Shiyu Wang, Liyu Zhang, Wentao Li, Mengmeng Cao, et al.. Microbial ecological clusters structured by environments drive maize residue decomposition at the continental scale. Science of the Total Environment, 2023, 902, pp.166092. ⟨10.1016/j.scitotenv.2023.166092⟩. ⟨hal-04214585⟩
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