Cutting tree rings into time slices: how intra‐annual dynamics of wood formation help decipher the space‐for‐time conversion - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles New Phytologist Year : 2021

Cutting tree rings into time slices: how intra‐annual dynamics of wood formation help decipher the space‐for‐time conversion

Cyrille B K Rathgeber
Stéphane Ponton

Abstract

Tree-ring anatomy, microdensity and isotope records provide valuable intra-annual information. However, extracting signals at that scale is challenged by the complexity of xylogenesis, where two major processescell enlargement and wall thickeningoccur at different times and rates. We characterized the space-for-time association in the tree rings of three conifer species by examining the duration, overlapping, inter-tree synchronicity and interannual stability during cell enlargement and wall thickening across regular tree-ring sectors (portions of equal tangential width). The number of cells and cell differentiation rates determined the duration of sector formation, which augmented more rapidly throughout the ring for wall thickening than for enlargement. Increasing the number of sectors above c. 15 had a limited effect on improving time resolution because consecutive sector formation overlapped greatly in time, especially in narrow rings and during wall thickening. Increasing the number of sectors also resulted in lower synchronicity and stability of intermediate-sector enlargement, whereas all sectors showed high synchronicity and stability during wall thickening. Increasing the number of sectors had a stronger effect on enhancing time-series resolution for enlargement-than for wall-thickening-related traits, which would nevertheless produce more reliable intra-annual chronologies as a result of the more similar calendars across trees and years in wall thickening.
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hal-04219519 , version 1 (27-09-2023)

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Gonzalo Pérez‐de‐lis, Cyrille B K Rathgeber, Laura Fernández‐de‐uña, Stéphane Ponton. Cutting tree rings into time slices: how intra‐annual dynamics of wood formation help decipher the space‐for‐time conversion. New Phytologist, 2021, 233 (3), pp.1520 - 1534. ⟨10.1111/nph.17869⟩. ⟨hal-04219519⟩
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