AsnB is responsible for peptidoglycan precursor amidation in Clostridium difficile in the presence of vancomycin - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Microbiology Year : 2020

AsnB is responsible for peptidoglycan precursor amidation in Clostridium difficile in the presence of vancomycin

Abstract

Clostridium difficile 630 possesses a cryptic but functional gene cluster vanGCd homologous to the vanG operon of Enterococcus faecalis. Expression of vanGCd in the presence of subinhibitory concentrations of vancomycin is accompanied by peptidoglycan amidation on the meso-DAP residue. In this paper, we report the presence of two potential asparagine synthetase genes named asnB and asnB2 in the C. difficile genome whose products were potentially involved in this peptidoglycan structure modification. We found that asnB expression was only induced when C. difficile was grown in the presence of vancomycin, yet independently from the vanGCd resistance and regulation operons. In addition, peptidoglycan precursors were not amidated when asnB was inactivated. No change in vancomycin MIC was observed in the asnB mutant strain. In contrast, overexpression of asnB resulted in the amidation of most of the C. difficile peptidoglycan precursors and in a weak increase of vancomycin susceptibility. AsnB activity was confirmed in E. coli. In contrast, the expression of the second asparagine synthetase, AsnB2, was not induced in the presence of vancomycin. In summary, our results demonstrate that AsnB is responsible for peptidoglycan amidation of C. difficile in the presence of vancomycin.
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Dates and versions

hal-02571416 , version 1 (10-11-2020)

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Fariza Ammam, Delphine Patin, Héloise Coullon, Didier Blanot, Thierry Lambert, et al.. AsnB is responsible for peptidoglycan precursor amidation in Clostridium difficile in the presence of vancomycin. Microbiology, inPress, 166 (6), ⟨10.1099/mic.0.000917⟩. ⟨hal-02571416⟩
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