A landscape-scale field survey demonstrates the role of wheat volunteers as a local and diversified source of leaf rust inoculum - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2023

A landscape-scale field survey demonstrates the role of wheat volunteers as a local and diversified source of leaf rust inoculum

Abstract

Abstract Deploying disease-resistant cultivars is one of the most effective control strategies to manage crop diseases such as wheat leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina . After harvest, this biotrophic fungal pathogen can survive on wheat volunteers present at landscape scale and constitute a local source of primary inoculum for the next cropping season. In this study, we characterised the diversity of P. triticina populations surveyed on wheat volunteer seedlings for six consecutive years (2007–2012) at the landscape scale. A total of 642 leaf rust samples classified in 52 virulence profiles (pathotypes) were collected within a fixed 5-km radius. The pathotype composition (identity and abundance) of field-collected populations was analyzed according to the distance between the surveyed wheat plots and to the cultivars of origin of isolates. Our study emphasised the high diversity of P. triticina populations on wheat volunteers at the landscape scale. We observed an impact of cultivar of origin on pathogen population composition. Levels of population diversity differed between cultivars and their deployment in the study area. Our results suggest that wheat volunteers could provide a significant though highly variable contribution to the composition of primary inoculum and subsequent initiation of leaf rust epidemics.

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hal-04311998 , version 1 (28-11-2023)

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A.-L. Boixel, H. Goyeau, J. Berder, J. Moinard, F. Suffert, et al.. A landscape-scale field survey demonstrates the role of wheat volunteers as a local and diversified source of leaf rust inoculum. Scientific Reports, 2023, 13 (1), pp.20411. ⟨10.1038/s41598-023-47499-6⟩. ⟨hal-04311998⟩
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