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Journal Articles Pathogens Year : 2023

Activation of Inflammasome during Bluetongue Virus Infection

Abstract

Bluetongue virus (BTV), a double-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Sedoreoviridae family, provokes an economically important disease in ruminants. In this study, we show that the production of activated caspase-1 and interleukin 1 beta (IL-1β) is induced in BTV-infected cells. This response seems to require virus replication since a UV-inactivated virus is unable to activate this pathway. In NLRP3-/- cells, BTV could not trigger further IL-1β synthesis, indicating that it occurs through NLRP3 inflammasome activation. Interestingly, we observed differential activation levels in bovine endothelial cells depending on the tissue origin. In particular, inflammasome activation was stronger in umbilical cord cells, suggesting that these cells are more prone to induce the inflammasome upon BTV infection. Finally, the strength of the inflammasome activation also depends on the BTV strain, which points to the importance of viral origin in inflammasome modulation. This work reports the crucial role of BTV in the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome and further shows that this activation relies on BTV replication, strains, and cell types, thus providing new insights into BTV pathogenesis.
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hal-04412978 , version 1 (23-01-2024)

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Marie Pourcelot, Rayane Amaral da Silva Moraes, Sandrine Lacour, Aurore Fablet, Grégory Caignard, et al.. Activation of Inflammasome during Bluetongue Virus Infection. Pathogens, 2023, 12 (6), pp.801. ⟨10.3390/pathogens12060801⟩. ⟨hal-04412978⟩
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