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Journal Articles Science Year : 2023

More than 10,000 pre-Columbian earthworks are still hidden throughout Amazonia

Vinicius Peripato (1) , Carolina Levis (2) , Guido Moreira (3) , Dani Gamerman (4) , Hans ter Steege (5) , Nigel C. A. Pitman (6) , Jonas de Souza (7) , José Iriarte , Mark Robinson , André Braga Junqueira , Thiago Trindade , Fernando de Almeida , Claide de Paula Moraes , Umberto Lombardo , Eduardo Tamanaha , Shira Maezumi , Jean Ometto , José Braga , Wesley Campanharo , Henrique Cassol , Philipe Leal , Mauro de Assis , Adriana da Silva , Oliver Phillips , Flávia Costa , Bernardo Monteiro Flores , Bruce Hoffman , Terry Henkel , Maria Natalia Umaña , William Magnusson , Elvis Valderrama Sandoval , Jos Barlow , William Milliken , Maria Aparecida Lopes , Marcelo Fragomeni Simon , Tinde van Andel , Susan Laurance , William Laurance , Armando Torres-Lezama , Rafael Assis , Jean-François Molino (8) , Mickaël Mestre , Michelle Hamblin , Luiz de Souza Coelho , Diogenes de Andrade Lima Filho , Florian Wittmann , Rafael Salomão , Iêda Leão Amaral , Juan Ernesto Guevara , Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos , Carolina Castilho , Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim , Dairon Cárdenas López , Daniel Sabatier (8) , Mariana Victória Irume , Maria Pires Martins , José Renan da Silva Guimarães , Olaf Bánki , Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade , José Ferreira Ramos , Bruno Garcia Luize , Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo , Percy Núñez Vargas , Thiago Sanna Freire Silva , Eduardo Martins Venticinque , Angelo Gilberto Manzatto , Neidiane Farias Costa Reis , John Terborgh , Katia Regina Casula , Layon Demarchi , Euridice Honorio Coronado , Abel Monteagudo Mendoza , Juan Carlos Montero , Jochen Schöngart , Ted Feldpausch , Adriano Costa Quaresma , Gerardo Aymard C. , Chris Baraloto , Nicolás Castaño Arboleda , Julien Engel (8) , Pascal Petronelli , Charles Eugene Zartman , Timothy Killeen , Beatriz Marimon , Ben Hur Marimon-Junior , Juliana Schietti , Thaiane Sousa , Rodolfo Vasquez , Lorena Rincón , Erika Berenguer , Joice Ferreira , Bonifacio Mostacedo , Dário Dantas Do Amaral , Hernán Castellanos , Marcelo Brilhante de Medeiros , Ana Andrade , José Luís Camargo , Emanuelle de Sousa Farias , José Leonardo Lima Magalhães , Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento , Helder Lima de Queiroz , Roel Brienen , Juan David Cardenas Revilla , Pablo Stevenson , Alejandro Araujo-Murakami , Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra , Yuri Oliveira Feitosa , Flávia Rodrigues Barbosa , Rainiellen de Sá Carpanedo , Joost Duivenvoorden , Janaína da Costa de Noronha , Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues , Hugo Mogollón , Leandro Valle Ferreira , John Ethan Householder , José Rafael Lozada , James Comiskey , Freddie Draper , José Julio de Toledo , Gabriel Damasco , Nállarett Dávila , Roosevelt García-Villacorta , Aline Lopes , Fernando Cornejo Valverde , Alfonso Alonso , Francisco Dallmeier , Vitor Gomes , Eliana Jimenez , David Neill , Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora , Daniel de Aguiar , Luzmila Arroyo , Fernanda Antunes Carvalho , Fernanda Coelho de Souza , Kenneth Feeley , Rogerio Gribel , Marcelo Petratti Pansonato , Marcos Ríos Paredes , Izaias Brasil da Silva , Maria Julia Ferreira , Paul Fine , Émile Fonty , Marcelino Carneiro Guedes , Juan Carlos Licona , Toby Pennington , Carlos Peres , Boris Eduardo Villa Zegarra , Germaine Alexander Parada , Guido Pardo Molina , Vincent Antoine Vos , Carlos Cerón , Paul Maas , Marcos Silveira , Juliana Stropp , Raquel Thomas , Tim Baker , Doug Daly , Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco , Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira , Bianca Weiss Albuquerque , Alfredo Fuentes , Bente Klitgaard , José Luis Marcelo-Peña , Miles Silman , J. Sebastián Tello , Corine Vriesendorp , Jerome Chave (9) , Anthony Di Fiore , Renato Richard Hilário , Juan Fernando Phillips , Gonzalo Rivas-Torres , Patricio von Hildebrand , Luciana de Oliveira Pereira , Edelcilio Marques Barbosa , Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates , Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza , Ricardo Zárate Gómez , George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales , Therany Gonzales , Yadvinder Malhi , Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda , Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto , Adriana Prieto , Agustín Rudas , Ademir Ruschel , Natalino Silva , César Vela , Egleé Zent , Stanford Zent , Angela Cano , Yrma Andreina Carrero Márquez , Diego Correa , Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa Costa , David Galbraith , Milena Holmgren , Michelle Kalamandeen , Guilherme Lobo , Marcelo Trindade Nascimento , Alexandre Oliveira , Hirma Ramirez-Angulo , Maira Rocha , Veridiana Vizoni Scudeller , Rodrigo Sierra , Milton Tirado , Geertje van der Heijden , Emilio Vilanova Torre , Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui , Cláudia Baider , Henrik Balslev , Sasha Cárdenas , Luisa Fernanda Casas , William Farfan-Rios , Cid Ferreira , Reynaldo Linares-Palomino , Casimiro Mendoza , Italo Mesones , Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo , Daniel Villarroel , Roderick Zagt , Miguel Alexiades , Edmar Almeida de Oliveira , Karina Garcia-Cabrera , Lionel Hernandez , Walter Palacios Cuenca , Susamar Pansini , Daniela Pauletto , Fredy Ramirez Arevalo , Adeilza Felipe Sampaio , Luis Valenzuela Gamarra , Luiz O. C. Aragão (1)
Hans ter Steege
Nigel C. A. Pitman
Jonas de Souza
José Iriarte
Mark Robinson
André Braga Junqueira
Thiago Trindade
  • Function : Author
Fernando de Almeida
Claide de Paula Moraes
Umberto Lombardo
Eduardo Tamanaha
Shira Maezumi
Jean Ometto
José Braga
Wesley Campanharo
Henrique Cassol
Philipe Leal
Mauro de Assis
  • Function : Author
Adriana da Silva
  • Function : Author
Oliver Phillips
Flávia Costa
Bernardo Monteiro Flores
Bruce Hoffman
Terry Henkel
Maria Natalia Umaña
William Magnusson
Elvis Valderrama Sandoval
  • Function : Author
Jos Barlow
William Milliken
Maria Aparecida Lopes
  • Function : Author
Marcelo Fragomeni Simon
Tinde van Andel
Susan Laurance
William Laurance
Armando Torres-Lezama
  • Function : Author
Rafael Assis
Mickaël Mestre
  • Function : Author
Michelle Hamblin
  • Function : Author
Luiz de Souza Coelho
Diogenes de Andrade Lima Filho
Florian Wittmann
Rafael Salomão
Iêda Leão Amaral
Juan Ernesto Guevara
Francisca Dionízia de Almeida Matos
Carolina Castilho
Marcelo de Jesus Veiga Carim
Dairon Cárdenas López
Mariana Victória Irume
Maria Pires Martins
José Renan da Silva Guimarães
Olaf Bánki
Maria Teresa Fernandez Piedade
José Ferreira Ramos
Bruno Garcia Luize
Evlyn Márcia Moraes de Leão Novo
Percy Núñez Vargas
  • Function : Author
Thiago Sanna Freire Silva
Eduardo Martins Venticinque
Angelo Gilberto Manzatto
Neidiane Farias Costa Reis
John Terborgh
Katia Regina Casula
  • Function : Author
Layon Demarchi
Euridice Honorio Coronado
Abel Monteagudo Mendoza
  • Function : Author
Juan Carlos Montero
  • Function : Author
Jochen Schöngart
Ted Feldpausch
Adriano Costa Quaresma
Gerardo Aymard C.
Chris Baraloto
Nicolás Castaño Arboleda
Pascal Petronelli
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1203267
Charles Eugene Zartman
  • Function : Author
Timothy Killeen
Beatriz Marimon
Ben Hur Marimon-Junior
  • Function : Author
Juliana Schietti
Thaiane Sousa
Rodolfo Vasquez
Lorena Rincón
  • Function : Author
Erika Berenguer
Joice Ferreira
Bonifacio Mostacedo
Dário Dantas Do Amaral
Hernán Castellanos
Marcelo Brilhante de Medeiros
  • Function : Author
Ana Andrade
José Luís Camargo
Emanuelle de Sousa Farias
José Leonardo Lima Magalhães
Henrique Eduardo Mendonça Nascimento
Helder Lima de Queiroz
Roel Brienen
Juan David Cardenas Revilla
Pablo Stevenson
  • Function : Author
Alejandro Araujo-Murakami
Bruno Barçante Ladvocat Cintra
Yuri Oliveira Feitosa
Flávia Rodrigues Barbosa
Rainiellen de Sá Carpanedo
Joost Duivenvoorden
Janaína da Costa de Noronha
Domingos de Jesus Rodrigues
Hugo Mogollón
  • Function : Author
Leandro Valle Ferreira
John Ethan Householder
José Rafael Lozada
James Comiskey
Freddie Draper
José Julio de Toledo
Gabriel Damasco
  • Function : Author
Nállarett Dávila
Roosevelt García-Villacorta
Aline Lopes
Fernando Cornejo Valverde
Alfonso Alonso
Francisco Dallmeier
Vitor Gomes
Eliana Jimenez
David Neill
Maria Cristina Peñuela Mora
Daniel de Aguiar
Luzmila Arroyo
  • Function : Author
Fernanda Antunes Carvalho
Fernanda Coelho de Souza
Kenneth Feeley
Rogerio Gribel
Marcelo Petratti Pansonato
Marcos Ríos Paredes
Izaias Brasil da Silva
Maria Julia Ferreira
Paul Fine
  • Function : Author
Émile Fonty
  • Function : Author
Marcelino Carneiro Guedes
Juan Carlos Licona
  • Function : Author
Toby Pennington
Carlos Peres
Boris Eduardo Villa Zegarra
  • Function : Author
Germaine Alexander Parada
  • Function : Author
Guido Pardo Molina
  • Function : Author
Vincent Antoine Vos
Carlos Cerón
Paul Maas
  • Function : Author
Marcos Silveira
Juliana Stropp
Raquel Thomas
  • Function : Author
Tim Baker
Doug Daly
Isau Huamantupa-Chuquimaco
Ima Célia Guimarães Vieira
Bianca Weiss Albuquerque
  • Function : Author
Alfredo Fuentes
Bente Klitgaard
José Luis Marcelo-Peña
Miles Silman
  • Function : Author
J. Sebastián Tello
Corine Vriesendorp
Jerome Chave
Anthony Di Fiore
Renato Richard Hilário
Juan Fernando Phillips
  • Function : Author
Gonzalo Rivas-Torres
Patricio von Hildebrand
Luciana de Oliveira Pereira
  • Function : Author
Edelcilio Marques Barbosa
Luiz Carlos de Matos Bonates
Hilda Paulette Dávila Doza
  • Function : Author
Ricardo Zárate Gómez
George Pepe Gallardo Gonzales
  • Function : Author
Therany Gonzales
Yadvinder Malhi
Ires Paula de Andrade Miranda
Linder Felipe Mozombite Pinto
Adriana Prieto
  • Function : Author
Agustín Rudas
Ademir Ruschel
Natalino Silva
César Vela
Egleé Zent
Stanford Zent
Angela Cano
Yrma Andreina Carrero Márquez
Diego Correa
Janaina Barbosa Pedrosa Costa
David Galbraith
Milena Holmgren
Michelle Kalamandeen
Guilherme Lobo
Marcelo Trindade Nascimento
Alexandre Oliveira
Hirma Ramirez-Angulo
  • Function : Author
Maira Rocha
Veridiana Vizoni Scudeller
Rodrigo Sierra
  • Function : Author
Milton Tirado
Geertje van der Heijden
Emilio Vilanova Torre
Manuel Augusto Ahuite Reategui
  • Function : Author
Cláudia Baider
Henrik Balslev
Sasha Cárdenas
  • Function : Author
Luisa Fernanda Casas
William Farfan-Rios
Cid Ferreira
  • Function : Author
Reynaldo Linares-Palomino
Casimiro Mendoza
  • Function : Author
Italo Mesones
  • Function : Author
Ligia Estela Urrego Giraldo
  • Function : Author
Daniel Villarroel
Roderick Zagt
Miguel Alexiades
Edmar Almeida de Oliveira
Karina Garcia-Cabrera
  • Function : Author
Lionel Hernandez
  • Function : Author
Walter Palacios Cuenca
Susamar Pansini
Daniela Pauletto
Fredy Ramirez Arevalo
Adeilza Felipe Sampaio
Luis Valenzuela Gamarra

Abstract

Indigenous societies are known to have occupied the Amazon basin for more than 12,000 years, but the scale of their influence on Amazonian forests remains uncertain. We report the discovery, using LIDAR (light detection and ranging) information from across the basin, of 24 previously undetected pre-Columbian earthworks beneath the forest canopy. Modeled distribution and abundance of large-scale archaeological sites across Amazonia suggest that between 10,272 and 23,648 sites remain to be discovered and that most will be found in the southwest. We also identified 53 domesticated tree species significantly associated with earthwork occurrence probability, likely suggesting past management practices. Closed-canopy forests across Amazonia are likely to contain thousands of undiscovered archaeological sites around which pre-Columbian societies actively modified forests, a discovery that opens opportunities for better understanding the magnitude of ancient human influence on Amazonia and its current state.

Dates and versions

hal-04438079 , version 1 (05-02-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Vinicius Peripato, Carolina Levis, Guido Moreira, Dani Gamerman, Hans ter Steege, et al.. More than 10,000 pre-Columbian earthworks are still hidden throughout Amazonia. Science, 2023, 382 (6666), pp.103-109. ⟨10.1126/science.ade2541⟩. ⟨hal-04438079⟩
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