Novel Putative Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Genes, D α 5 , D α 6 and D α 7 , in Drosophila melanogaster Identify a New and Highly Conserved Target of Adenosine Deaminase Acting on RNA-Mediated A-to-I Pre-mRNA Editing - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Genetics Year : 2002

Novel Putative Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Genes, D α 5 , D α 6 and D α 7 , in Drosophila melanogaster Identify a New and Highly Conserved Target of Adenosine Deaminase Acting on RNA-Mediated A-to-I Pre-mRNA Editing

Abstract

Abstract Genome analysis of the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster reveals three new ligand-gated ion channel subunits with the characteristic YXCC motif found only in α-type nicotinic acetylcholine receptor subunits. The subunits are designated Dα5, Dα6, and Dα7. Cloning of the Dα5 embryonic cDNAs reveals an atypically large N terminus, part of which is without identifiable sequence motifs and is specified by two polymorphic alleles. Embryonic clones from Dα6 contain multiple variant transcripts arising from alternative splicing as well as A-to-I pre-mRNA editing. Alternative splicing in Dα6 involves exons encoding nAChR functional domains. The Dα6 transcript is a target of the Drosophila adenosine deaminase acting on RNA (dADAR). This is the first case for any organism where a nAChR gene is the target of mRNA editing. Seven adenosines could be modified in the extracellular ligand-binding region of Dα6, four of which are also edited in the Dα6 ortholog in the tobacco budworm Heliothis virescens. The conservation of an editing site between the insect orders Diptera and Lepidoptera makes nAChR editing the most evolutionarily conserved invertebrate RNA editing site so far described. These findings add to our understanding of nAChR subunit diversity, which is increased and regulated by mechanisms acting at the genomic and mRNA levels.

Dates and versions

hal-04514545 , version 1 (21-03-2024)

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Marta Grauso, R Reenan, E Culetto, D Sattelle. Novel Putative Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor Subunit Genes, D α 5 , D α 6 and D α 7 , in Drosophila melanogaster Identify a New and Highly Conserved Target of Adenosine Deaminase Acting on RNA-Mediated A-to-I Pre-mRNA Editing. Genetics, 2002, 160 (4), pp.1519-1533. ⟨10.1093/genetics/160.4.1519⟩. ⟨hal-04514545⟩
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