The role of animal hosts in shaping gut microbiome variation - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences Year : 2024

The role of animal hosts in shaping gut microbiome variation

Abstract

Millions of years of co-evolution between animals and their associated microbial communities have shaped and diversified the nature of their relationship. Studies continue to reveal new layers of complexity in host–microbe interactions, the fate of which depends on a variety of different factors, ranging from neutral processes and environmental factors to local dynamics. Research is increasingly integrating ecosystem-based approaches, metagenomics and mathematical modelling to disentangle the individual contribution of ecological factors to microbiome evolution. Within this framework, host factors are known to be among the dominant drivers of microbiome composition in different animal species. However, the extent to which they shape microbiome assembly and evolution remains unclear. In this review, we summarize our understanding of how host factors drive microbial communities and how these dynamics are conserved and vary across taxa. We conclude by outlining key avenues for research and highlight the need for implementation of and key modifications to existing theory to fully capture the dynamics of host-associated microbiomes.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
maritan-et-al-2024-the-role-of-animal-hosts-in-shaping-gut-microbiome-variation.pdf (984.48 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution
Licence : CC BY NC - Attribution - NonCommercial

Dates and versions

hal-04520214 , version 1 (25-03-2024)

Licence

Attribution - NonCommercial

Identifiers

Cite

Elisa Maritan, Andrea Quagliariello, Enric Frago, Tomaso Patarnello, Maria Elena Martino. The role of animal hosts in shaping gut microbiome variation. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2024, 379 (1901), pp.20230071. ⟨10.1098/rstb.2023.0071⟩. ⟨hal-04520214⟩
24 View
7 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More