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Journal Articles Plants Year : 2023

Realistic Physiological Options to Increase Grain Legume Yield under Drought

Abstract

Increasing yield resiliency under water deficits remains a high priority for crop improvement. In considering the yield benefit of a plant trait modification, two facts are often overlooked: (1) the total amount of water available to a crop through a growing season ultimately constrains growth and yield cannot exceed what is possible with the limited amount of available water, and (2) soil water content always changes over time, so plant response needs to be considered within a temporally dynamic context of day-to-day variation in soil water status. Many previous evaluations of drought traits have implicitly considered water deficit from a "static" perspective, but while the static approach of stable water deficit treatments is experimentally congruous, the results are not realistic representations of real-world drought conditions, where soil water levels are always changing. No trait always results in a positive response under all drought scenarios. In this paper, we suggest two key traits for improving grain legume yield under water deficit conditions: (1) partial stomata closure at elevated atmospheric vapor pressure deficit that results in soil water conservation, and (2) lessening of the high sensitivity of nitrogen fixation activity to soil drying.
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hal-04550503 , version 1 (17-04-2024)

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Thomas R Sinclair, Michel E Ghanem. Realistic Physiological Options to Increase Grain Legume Yield under Drought. Plants, 2023, 12 (17), pp.3137. ⟨10.3390/plants12173137⟩. ⟨hal-04550503⟩
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