Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics reveal candidate genes associated with quality traits in Dioscorea alata - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles BMC Genomics Year : 2024

Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics reveal candidate genes associated with quality traits in Dioscorea alata

Abstract

Background Quality traits are essential determinants of consumer preferences. Dioscorea alata (Greater Yam), is a starchy tuber crop in tropical regions. However, a comprehensive understanding of the genetic basis underlying yam tuber quality remains elusive. To address this knowledge gap, we employed population genomics and candidate gene association approaches to unravel the genetic factors influencing the quality attributes of boiled yam. Methods and Results Comparative genomics analysis of 45 plant species revealed numerous novel genes absent in the existing D. alata gene annotation. This approach, adding 48% more genes, significantly enhanced the functional annotation of three crucial metabolic pathways associated with boiled yam quality traits: pentose and glucuronate interconversions, starch and sucrose metabolism, and flavonoid biosynthesis. In addition, the whole-genome sequencing of 127 genotypes identified 27 genes under selection and 22 genes linked to texture, starch content, and color through a candidate gene association analysis. Notably, five genes involved in starch content and cell wall composition, including 1,3-beta Glucan synthase, beta-amylase, and Pectin methyl esterase, were common to both approaches and their expression levels were assessed by transcriptomic data. Conclusions The analysis of the whole-genome of 127 genotypes of D. alata and the study of three specific pathways allowed the identification of important genes for tuber quality. Our findings provide insights into the genetic basis of yam quality traits and will help the enhancement of yam tuber quality through breeding programs.
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hal-04552087 , version 1 (19-04-2024)

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Ana Paula Zotta Mota, Komivi Dossa, Mathieu Léchaudel, Denis Cornet, Pierre Mournet, et al.. Whole-genome sequencing and comparative genomics reveal candidate genes associated with quality traits in Dioscorea alata. BMC Genomics, 2024, 25, pp.248. ⟨10.1186/s12864-024-10135-2⟩. ⟨hal-04552087⟩
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