Structural investigation of vitamin K epoxide reductase domain-containing protein in Leptospira species: a potential target for the development of new leptospirosis treatments as an alternative to antibiotics - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics Year : 2024

Structural investigation of vitamin K epoxide reductase domain-containing protein in Leptospira species: a potential target for the development of new leptospirosis treatments as an alternative to antibiotics

Abstract

Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis caused by the motile bacterium Leptospira. This disease can cause hemorrhagic symptoms, multi-visceral and renal failures, resulting in one million cases and approximately 60,000 deaths each year. The motility of Leptospira is highly involved in its virulence and is ensured by the presence of two flagella in the periplasm. Several proteins that require the formation of disulfide bridges are essential for flagellar function. In Leptospira, these redox reactions are catalysed by the vitamin K epoxide reductase domain-containing protein (VKORdcp). The aim of the present work was to study the conservation of VKORdcp among Leptospira species and its interactions with putative substrates and inhibitor. Our results evidenced the presence of ten amino acids specific to either pathogenic or saprophytic species. Furthermore, structural studies revealed a higher affinity of the enzyme for vitamin K1 quinone, compared to ubiquinone. Finally, characterisation of the binding of a potential inhibitor revealed the involvement of some VKORdcp amino acids that have not been present in the human enzyme, in particular the polar residue D114. Our study thus paves the way for the future development of Leptospira VKORdcp inhibitors, capable of blocking bacterial motility. Such molecules could therefore offer a promising therapeutic alternative to antibiotics, especially in the event of the emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains.Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma
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Dates and versions

hal-04565952 , version 1 (02-05-2024)

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Sionfoungo Daouda Soro, Virginie Lattard, Angeli Kodjo, Etienne Benoit, Nolan Chatron. Structural investigation of vitamin K epoxide reductase domain-containing protein in Leptospira species: a potential target for the development of new leptospirosis treatments as an alternative to antibiotics. Journal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics, 2024, pp.1-13. ⟨10.1080/07391102.2024.2302925⟩. ⟨hal-04565952⟩
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