Natural products for biocontrol: review of their fate in the environment and impacts on biodiversity - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Environmental Science and Pollution Research Year : 2024

Natural products for biocontrol: review of their fate in the environment and impacts on biodiversity

Abstract

Biocontrol solutions (macroorganisms, microorganisms, natural substances, semiochemicals) are presented as potential alternatives to conventional plant protection products (PPPs) because they are supposed to have lower impacts on ecosystems and human health. However, to ensure the sustainability of biocontrol solutions, it is necessary to document the unintended effects of their use. Thus, the objectives of this work were to review (1) the available biocontrol solutions and their regulation, (2) the contamination of the environment (soil, water, air) by biocontrol solutions, (3) the fate of biocontrol solutions in the environment, (4) their ecotoxicological impacts on biodiversity, and (5) the impacts of biocontrol solutions compared to those of conventional PPPs. Very few studies concern the presence of biocontrol solutions in the environment, their fate, and their impacts on biodiversity. The most important number of results were found for the organisms that have been used the longest, and most often from the angle of their interactions with other biocontrol agents. However, the use of living organisms (micro and macroorganisms) in biocontrol brings a specific dimension compared to conventional PPPs because they can survive, multiply, move and colonize other environments. The questioning of regulation stems from this specific dimension of the use of living organisms. Concerning natural substances, the few existing results indicate that while most of them have low ecotoxicity, others have a toxicity equivalent to or greater than that of the conventional PPPs. There are almost no result regarding semiochemicals. Knowledge of the unintended effects of biocontrol solutions has proved to be very incomplete. Research remains necessary to ensure their sustainability.
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Avant la publication
Friday, October 4, 2024
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Friday, October 4, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04577404 , version 1 (16-05-2024)

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Marcel Amichot, Cédric Bertrand, Bruno Chauvel, M.-F. Corio-Costet, Fabrice Martin-Laurent, et al.. Natural products for biocontrol: review of their fate in the environment and impacts on biodiversity. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 2024, ⟨10.1007/s11356-024-33256-3⟩. ⟨hal-04577404⟩
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