A metapopulation framework integrating landscape heterogeneity to model an airborne plant pathogen: The case of brown rot of peach in France - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment Year : 2024

A metapopulation framework integrating landscape heterogeneity to model an airborne plant pathogen: The case of brown rot of peach in France

Abstract

Plant disease dynamics are driven by the concurrent interplay of host susceptibility, pathogen presence, and environmental conditions. While host susceptibility and environmental conditions can readily be characterized, the transmission of an airborne pathogen depends on the biotic and abiotic conditions of the surrounding environment. We propose an original metapopulation framework integrating landscape heterogeneity, in terms of climate and host density, where populations of plant hosts are connected via air-masses which allow pathogen dispersal. We explicitly account for climatic drivers affecting pathogen transport while modelling aerial dispersal using Lagrangian simulations, as well as host phenology and infection. We calibrate the model parameters according to the literature and using Approximate Bayesian Computation against observations of brown rot incidence in French peach orchards from 2001 to 2020 across an area of 50,000 km2. We use the model to produce maps of risk, distinguishing site dangerousness (risk of causing secondary infection in other sites) and vulnerability (risk of becoming infected) across the our study area. We demonstrate that airborne transport of Monilinia spores is essential in describing the spread of brown rot in French orchards in the considered period. We find that most dangerous and vulnerable sites are located along the Rhone Valley, due to the concurrence of high density of peach cultivation, a suitable climate and persistent airborne connections. Our work represents a first step to integrate metapopulation theory, epidemiology and air-mass movements to inform plant protection strategies at the national level. Furthermore, it could be adapted to optimize crop protection under future climate projections.

Dates and versions

hal-04590341 , version 1 (28-05-2024)

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Andrea Radici, Davide Martinetti, Chiara Vanalli, Nik Cunniffe, Daniele Bevacqua. A metapopulation framework integrating landscape heterogeneity to model an airborne plant pathogen: The case of brown rot of peach in France. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 2024, 367, pp.108994. ⟨10.1016/j.agee.2024.108994⟩. ⟨hal-04590341⟩
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