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Déterminants de la composition floristique et estimations des stocks de carbone des peuplements forestiers matures de Uma (Tshopo, RDC)

Abstract : The study of tree assemblages in tropical forests is gaining new impetus with the need to assess carbon emissions at high precision and resolution, while limiting the erosion of diversity and promoting sustainable forest management. The objective of this study was to (i) investigate the respective roles of topographic / soil gradients and endogenous dynamics in shaping local variations in dominance; (ii) demonstrate the feasibility of studying canopy texture by harmonizing Fourier-based Textural Ordination (FOTO) indices of two GeoEye - 50 cm images, acquired from different phenologic seasons, to calibrate AGB inversion model using inventory plots. The study was conducted in Uma forest, East of Kisangani, Democratic Republic of Congo. Dataset of 30 1-ha plots, in which all trees above 10 cm diameter at 1.30 m height (DBH) were measured and identified. Standard physical and chemical properties of soil samples were determined (macro-nutrients, textural classes and pH) and a digital elevation model (SRTM 30 m) was used to infer relevant topographical features (altitude and hydromorphy). The forest in the study area is characterized by variations in the abundance of three dominant species: Petersianthus macrocarpus (P. BEAUV.) LIBEN, Gilbertiodendron dewevrei (De Wild.) J. Léonard and Julbernardia seretii (DE WILD.) TROUPIN, one non-pioneer, light demanding species and two late successional, shade tolerant species respectively. These variations occur nearly independently of variations in the substratum or topography, despite important gradients of the range of considered variables. Analyzing differential relative abundance of the three dominant species in the lower strata and in the canopy, did not provide evidence of shifts in dominance, in which a species would obviously tend to replace another through time in any of the three floristic groups. This suggests that in this study area the states of dominance in the vegetation are stable across generations, that successional dynamics are very slow or that they are localized to peculiar locations. Using FOTO method, this study documents a strong relation between observed and predicted AGBs, without cross validation (R² of the linear regression reached 0.82 (mean square error = 27.24 T/ha). This correlation was still present, although weaker, with cross validation (R² of the linear regression between observed and predicted AGBs = 0.64). The mean square error increases to 46.68 T/ha after cross validation for a mean of 450 T/ha. This result confirms the potential of FOTO indices of optical very high resolution satellite images to quantify aboveground biomass without no signal saturation in high AGB tropical forests.
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https://hal.inrae.fr/tel-03268307
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 23, 2021 - 9:27:10 AM
Last modification on : Monday, July 5, 2021 - 10:08:03 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03268307, version 1

Citation

John Katembo Mukirania. Déterminants de la composition floristique et estimations des stocks de carbone des peuplements forestiers matures de Uma (Tshopo, RDC). Biodiversité et Ecologie. Université de Kisangani (République Démocratique du Congo), 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03268307⟩

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