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Effects of pyridine inhalation exposure on olfactory epithelium in mice.

Abstract : Olfactory neurons in the nasal mucosa have the capacity to regenerate continuously along the lifespan by neurogenesis processes starting with progenitor cells close to the basal lamina. The cellular turnover into olfactory neuroepithelium may be modified by environmental stimuli insofar as nasal mucosa is directly in contact with airborne chemicals. However, few studies have been focused on selective changes, especially those concerning mature olfactory neurons and basal cells during specific inhalation exposure. Among chemicals, solvents are known to induce changes in smell abilities and concomitant histological and cellular modifications related to the type of molecule, concentration and time of exposure. This study was designed to characterize smell sensitivity (using behavioral tests) and immunohistochemical effects on olfactory neuroepithelium induced by pyridine exposure in mice. Olfactory marker protein (OMP) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were used to characterize respectively mature olfactory neurons and basal cells. Results showed that inhalation exposure to pyridine had no impact on smell sensitivity whatever the concentration used and the time of exposure. These findings were in agreement with immunohistochemical measurements showing the same cellular kinetic whatever the condition of exposition to pyridine. Indeed, OMP-positive cells increased and PCNA-positive cells decreased as early as the beginning of exposure and cell amounts remained stable at this level until the end of exposure. These findings suggest that pyridine could have the property to rapidly activate a cellular turnover from basal cell progenitors. Rather than toxic effects, the present findings suggest that the metabolites of pyridine might have cell cycle activation properties.
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https://hal-univ-bourgogne.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00766299
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2012 - 9:57:15 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 27, 2020 - 2:34:41 PM

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Gaëlle Buron, Romain Hacquemand, Grégory Pourié, Laurence Jacquot, Gérard Brand. Effects of pyridine inhalation exposure on olfactory epithelium in mice.. Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology, Elsevier, 2013, 65 (1-2), pp.159-64. ⟨10.1016/j.etp.2011.08.001⟩. ⟨hal-00766299⟩

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