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Croissance, agriculture et emploi en Inde : l’impossible transformation lewisienne

Abstract : The population of the federal and democratic Union of India exceeded 1.2 billion people in the last general census (2011), with still nearly 55% of its workforce dependent on agriculture. The paper, based on three levels of analysis (international comparisons since 1970, political economy since the Independence from the British in 1947, micro-located agrarian diagnosis in 2014), shows how the subcontinent cannot free itself – despite various strategies – from the opposite track of the lewisian model of modern growth: the agricultural workforce increases instead of decreasing, as well as its income gap with other workers. The economic reforms of 1991 have boosted growth in the non-farm sector but the latter generates too few jobs. This exacerbates the land-labour ratio, worsen locally, and for the poorest, by unequal access to local resources and value-added. Faced with this unorthodox but very real structural transformation, the Indian ability for institutional and technical innovations is challenged more than ever. It is the same with the lewisian paradigm of growth and convergence that is questioned by India and its Asian neighbors who gather more than half of humanity.
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Contributor : Bruno Dorin Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Thursday, July 9, 2015 - 3:14:28 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:11 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01174705, version 1
  • PRODINRA : 312315


Bruno Dorin, Claire Aubron. Croissance, agriculture et emploi en Inde : l’impossible transformation lewisienne. International Conference Research & Regulation 2015, The theory of regulation in times of crises, Jun 2015, Paris, France. 20 p. ⟨hal-01174705⟩



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