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Journal Articles BioMed Research International Year : 2015

The Water Cycle, a Potential Source of the Bacterial Pathogen Bacillus cereus

Abstract

The behaviour of the sporulating soil-dwelling Bacillus cereus sensu lato (B. cereus sl) which includes foodborne pathogenic strains has been extensively studied in relation to its various animal hosts. The aim of this environmental study was to investigate the water compartments (rain and soil water, as well as groundwater) closely linked to the primary B. cereus sl reservoir, for which available data are limited. B. cereus sl was present, primarily as spores, in all of the tested compartments of an agricultural site, including water from rain to groundwater through soil. During rain events, leachates collected after transfer through the soil eventually reached the groundwater and were loaded with B. cereus sl. In groundwater samples, newly introduced spores of a B. cereus model strain were able to germinate, and vegetative cells arising from this event were detected for up to 50 days. This first B. cereus sl investigation in the various types of interrelated environments suggests that the consideration of the aquatic compartment linked to soil and to climatic events should provide a better understanding of B. cereus sl ecology and thus be relevant for a more accurate risk assessment of food poisoning caused by B. cereus sl pathogenic strains.
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hal-01315073 , version 1 (03-12-2019)

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Julien Brillard, Christian M. S. Dupont, Odile Berge, Claire Dargaignaratz, Stéphanie Oriol-Gagnier, et al.. The Water Cycle, a Potential Source of the Bacterial Pathogen Bacillus cereus. BioMed Research International , 2015, pp.356928. ⟨10.1155/2015/356928⟩. ⟨hal-01315073⟩
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