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Communication apprehension, self-esteem and the Leviathan model

Abstract : Mc Corskey and al, 1977 have shown there is a link between a high aversion to oral communication and a lower self-esteem. We investigate if the Leviathan model which considers agents gossiping and having an opinion of each other (Deffuant et al 2013) is able to reproduce such a correlation. Our virtual agents form their opinions in face-to-face meetings. During these meetings, they act in self-defence applying vanity, and influence each other. They also gossip about their peers. In direct meeting and gossiping, a highly valued speaker compared to listener's self-opinion is more influential. The vanity impact depends on the distance between one's opinion of one self and the opinion conveyed by the speaker. Listeners felt held in low esteem sanction their speakers by decreasing their opinion of them. Those felt held in high esteem reward them by increasing their opinion of them. We modified the probability to talk of agents to consider a heterogeneous one: static depending on the agent itself, or dynamic depending on her self-esteem. The simplest law to obtain a heterogeneous probability to talk is sufficient to reproduce our search correlation. However, we also discover that the model argue it is possible to have a higher self-esteem for someone talking less than the others in some circumstances.
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  • HAL Id : hal-01357077, version 1
  • IRSTEA : PUB00041835

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S. Huet, A. Shtiliyanova. Communication apprehension, self-esteem and the Leviathan model. Social Simulation Conference (SSC 2014), Sep 2014, Barcelone, Spain. 11 p. ⟨hal-01357077⟩

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