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Intact cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry on single bovine oocyte and follicular cells combined with top-down proteomics: A novel approach to characterise markers of oocyte maturation

Abstract : Intact cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry (ICM-MS) was adapted to bovine follicular cells from individual ovarian follicles to obtain the protein/peptide signatures (< 17 kDa) of single oocytes, cumulus cells (CC) and granulosa cells (GC), which shared a total of 439 peaks. By comparing the ICM-MS profiles of single oocytes with CC before and after in vitro maturation (IVM), 71 different peaks were characterised, and their relative abundance was found to vary depending on the stage of oocyte meiotic maturation. To identify these endogenous biomolecules, top-down workflow using high resolution MS/MS (TD HR-MS) was performed on the protein extracts from oocytes, CC and GC. The TD HR-MS proteomic approach allowed for: (1) identification of 386 peptide/proteoforms encoded by 194 genes; and (2) characterisation of proteolysis products likely resulting from the action of kallikreins and caspases. In total, 136 peaks observed by ICM-MS were annotated by TD HR-MS (ProteomeXchange PXD004892). Among these, 16 markers of maturation were identified, including IGF2 binding protein 3 and hemoglobin B in the oocyte, thymosins beta-4 and beta-10, histone H2B and ubiquitin in CC. The combination of ICM-MS and TD HR-MS proved to be a suitable strategy to identify non-invasive markers of oocyte quality using limited biological samples. Biological significance Intact cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry on single oocytes and their surrounding cumulus cells, coupled to an optimised top-down HR-MS proteomic approach on ovarian follicular cells, was used to identify specific markers of oocyte meiotic maturation represented by whole low molecular weight proteins or products of degradation by specific proteases.
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Valérie Labas, Ana-Paula Teixeira-Mechin, Laura Bouguereau, Audrey Gargaros-Ratajczak, Lucie Spina, et al.. Intact cell MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry on single bovine oocyte and follicular cells combined with top-down proteomics: A novel approach to characterise markers of oocyte maturation. Journal of Proteomics, Elsevier, 2017, 175, pp.56-74. ⟨10.1016/j.jprot.2017.03.027⟩. ⟨hal-01605876⟩

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