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Up-scaling of crop productivity estimations using the AquaCrop model and GIS-based operations

Abstract : Crop models are useful in evaluating management strategies and exploration of new practices, particularly in studies related to climate change and productivity assessment of agricultural systems. At field level, biophysical crop models are generally suitable in homogeneous environments when accurate input data and calibration parameters are available. However, their use at watershed level is limited, especially in hilly areas with great variability of soils, slope, and land use. Systematic method considering all terrain variabilities is time consuming since it requires high-resolution data and parameterization effort while geospatial models like SWAT, using simplified crop modules do not reflect the complexity of the simulated processes. In this work, an alternative methodology is proposed and tested in the hilly Mediterranean watershed of Kamech located in the Cap Bon Peninsula, Tunisia (N 36.88 degrees, E 10.88 degrees); it uses the FAO AquaCrop biophysical model to estimate production in selected fields and scale up the results to the watershed level. Maps of soil, slope, and land use are combined by a GIS tool to obtain a database of averaged field properties and occupations. Three categories of texture, depths, and slopes were considered to classify the 313 fields of the watershed into 27 soil classes and determine their respective area-weighting factor. The systematic method considering all fields and the proposed method considering the 27 representative fields were used to estimate the watershed production for dominant crops: wheat, barley, and faba bean. Results show a good correlation between both methods with values of relative RMSD in the range of 0.5-2% for biomass and 2-5% for grain yield. Decile-decile analysis showed that the proposed methodology simulated almost all the observed spatial variability of yield within the watershed suggesting its suitability for productivity assessment and prediction in hilly fragmented agricultural landscape.
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Submitted on : Thursday, June 3, 2021 - 8:20:23 PM
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Itidel Alaya, M. M. Masmoudi, Frédéric Jacob, N. Ben Mechlia. Up-scaling of crop productivity estimations using the AquaCrop model and GIS-based operations. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, Springer, 2019, 12 (14), ⟨10.1007/s12517-019-4588-5⟩. ⟨hal-02617667⟩



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