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Semen biotechnology optimization for successful fertilization in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica)

Abstract : Among the reproductive biotechnologies needed to improve Japanese quail conservation and valorization, optimized conditions of semen methodologies including sampling, treatment, and artificial insemination are a prerequisite. However, they have been poorly developed due to specific physiological and behavioral features of the species. The aim of the present study was to optimize them, from semen collection/treatment up to artificial insemination procedures. We studied different parameters including semen preparation (individual/pooled, presence of foam, type and pH of extender) and zootechnical parameters (depth of insemination in the female tract, number of sperm inseminated, insemination frequency). We showed that the separation of semen from individual males was required to optimize fertility, as a prerequisite for future semen cryopreservation. The deleterious effect of mixed foam extract addition on the fertility level was demonstrated. These results highlight parameters involved in male copulatory competitions and in sperm post copulation selection. Furthermore, we took into account extender effects and standardized the zootechnical conditions of insemination. The depth of intravaginal insemination (1 cm) was a key factor, but not the number of sperm inseminated (15-60 million sperm/female). Finally, artificial inseminations with optimized conditions led to successful fertility rates (up to 80%) and a duration of the fertile period equivalent to that obtained by natural mating. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 20, 2021 - 4:41:57 PM
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Aurore Thelie, Isabelle Grasseau, Isabelle Grimaud-Jottreau, Francois Seigneurin, Elisabeth Blesbois. Semen biotechnology optimization for successful fertilization in Japanese quail (Coturnix japonica). Theriogenology, Elsevier, 2019, 139, pp.98 - 105. ⟨10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.07.028⟩. ⟨hal-02621845⟩



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