MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging of lipids and gene expression reveals differences in fatty acid metabolism between follicular compartments in porcine ovaries - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Biology Year : 2015

MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging of lipids and gene expression reveals differences in fatty acid metabolism between follicular compartments in porcine ovaries

Abstract

In mammals, oocytes develop inside the ovarian follicles; this process is strongly supported by the surrounding follicular environment consisting of cumulus, granulosa and theca cells, and follicular fluid. In the antral follicle, the final stages of oogenesis require large amounts of energy that is produced by follicular cells from substrates including glucose, amino acids and fatty acids (FAs). Since lipid metabolism plays an important role in acquiring oocyte developmental competence, the aim of this study was to investigate site-specificity of lipid metabolism in ovaries by comparing lipid profiles and expression of FA metabolism-related genes in different ovarian compartments. Using MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging, images of porcine ovary sections were reconstructed from lipid ion signals for the first time. Cluster analysis of ion spectra revealed differences in spatial distribution of lipid species among ovarian compartments, notably between the follicles and interstitial tissue. Inside the follicles analysis differentiated follicular fluid, granulosa, theca and the oocyte-cumulus complex. Moreover, by transcript quantification using real time PCR, we showed that expression of five key genes in FA metabolism significantly varied between somatic follicular cells (theca, granulosa and cumulus) and the oocyte. In conclusion, lipid metabolism differs between ovarian and follicular compartments.
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hal-02630020 , version 1 (27-05-2020)

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Svetlana Uzbekova, Sébastien Elis, Ana-Paula Teixeira-Gomes, Alice Desmarchais, Virginie Maillard, et al.. MALDI Mass Spectrometry Imaging of lipids and gene expression reveals differences in fatty acid metabolism between follicular compartments in porcine ovaries. Biology, 2015, 4 (1), pp.216-236. ⟨10.3390/biology4010216⟩. ⟨hal-02630020⟩
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