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De novo construction of a “Gene-space” for diploid plant genome rich in repetitive sequences by an iterative Process of Extraction and Assembly of NGS reads (iPEA protocol) with limited computing resources

Abstract : The continuing increase in size and quality of the “short reads” raw data is a significant help for the quality of the assembly obtained through various bioinformatics tools. However, building a reference genome sequence for most plant species remains a significant challenge due to the large number of repeated sequences which are problematic for a whole-genome quality de novo assembly. Furthermore, for most SNP identification approaches in plant genetics and breeding, only the “Gene-space” regions including the promoter, exon and intron sequences are considered. Results: We developed the iPea protocol to produce a de novo Gene-space assembly by reconstructing, in an iterative way, the non-coding sequence flanking the Unigene cDNA sequence through addition of next-generation DNA-seq data. The approach was elaborated with the large diploid genome of pea (Pisum sativum L.), rich in repetitive sequences. The final Gene-space assembly included 35,400 contigs (97 Mb), covering 88 % of the 40,227 contigs (53.1 Mb) of the PsCam_low-copy Unigen set. Its accuracy was validated by the results of the built GenoPea 13.2 K SNP Array. Conclusion: The iPEA protocol allows the reconstruction of a Gene-space based from RNA-Seq and DNA-seq data with limited computing resources.
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Christelle Aluome, Gregoire G. Aubert, Susete Alves Carvalho, Marie-Christine Le Paslier, Judith J. Burstin, et al.. De novo construction of a “Gene-space” for diploid plant genome rich in repetitive sequences by an iterative Process of Extraction and Assembly of NGS reads (iPEA protocol) with limited computing resources. BMC Research Notes, BioMed Central, 2016, 9 (1), pp.1-9. ⟨10.1186/s13104-016-1903-z⟩. ⟨hal-02636294⟩

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