Impact of ceftiofur Injection on gut microbiota and <em>Escherichia coli</em> resistance in pigs - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy Year : 2015

Impact of ceftiofur Injection on gut microbiota and Escherichia coli resistance in pigs

Abstract

Resistance to extended-spectrum cephalosporins (ESCs) is an important health concern. Here, we studied the impact of the administration of a long-acting form of ceftiofur on the pig gut microbiota and ESC resistance in Escherichia coli. Pigs were orally inoculated with an ESC-resistant E. coli M63 strain harboring a conjugative plasmid carrying a gene conferring resistance, blaCTX-M-1. On the same day, they were given or not a unique injection of ceftiofur. Fecal microbiota were studied using quantitative PCR analysis of the main bacterial groups and quantification of short-chain fatty acids. E. coli and ESC-resistant E. coli were determined by culture methods, and the ESC-resistant E. coli isolates were characterized. The copies of the blaCTX-M-1 gene were quantified. After ceftiofur injection, the main change in gut microbiota was the significant but transitory decrease in the E. coli population. Acetate and butyrate levels were significantly lower in the treated group. In all inoculated groups, E. coli M63 persisted in most pigs, and the blaCTX-M-1 gene was transferred to other E. coli. Culture and PCR results showed that the ceftiofurtreated group shed significantly more resistant strains 1 and 3 days after ESC injection. Thereafter, on most dates, there were no differences between the groups, but notably, one pig in the nontreated group regularly excreted very high numbers of ESC-resistant E. coli, probably leading to a higher contamination level in its pen. In conclusion, the use of ESCs, and also the presence of high-shedding animals, are important features in the spread of ESC resistance.
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Dates and versions

hal-02637864 , version 1 (28-05-2020)

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M. A. Fleury, G. Mourand, E. Jouy, F. Touzain, L. Le Devendec, et al.. Impact of ceftiofur Injection on gut microbiota and Escherichia coli resistance in pigs. Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy, 2015, 59 (9), pp.5171-5180. ⟨10.1128/AAC.00177-15⟩. ⟨hal-02637864⟩
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