Long-term exposure from perinatal life to food-grade TiO$_2$ alters intestinal homeostasis and predisposes to food allergy in young mice - Virologie et Immunologie Moléculaires Access content directly
Journal Articles Allergy Year : 2024

Long-term exposure from perinatal life to food-grade TiO$_2$ alters intestinal homeostasis and predisposes to food allergy in young mice

Marta Grauso
Eric Gaultier
  • Function : Author
Gilles Rivière
Éric Houdeau

Abstract

Background: Food allergy (FA) is an inappropriate immunological response to food proteins resulting from an impaired induction of oral tolerance. Various early environmental factors can affect the establishment of intestinal homeostasis, predisposing to FA in early life. In this context, we aimed to assess the effect of chronic perinatal exposure to food-grade titanium dioxide (fg-TiO$_2$), a common food additive. Methods: Dams were fed a control versus fg-TiO$_2$-enriched diet from preconception to weaning, and their progeny received the same diet at weaning. A comprehensive analysis of baseline intestinal and systemic homeostasis was performed in offspring 1 week after weaning by assessing gut barrier maturation and microbiota composition, and local and systemic immune system and metabolome. The effect of fg-TiO$_2$ on the susceptibility of progeny to develop oral tolerance versus FA to cow's milk proteins (CMP) was performed starting at the same baseline time-point, using established models. Sensitization to CMP was investigated by measuring β-lactoglobulin and casein-specific IgG1 and IgE antibodies, and elicitation of the allergic reaction by measuring mouse mast cell protease (mMCP1) in plasma collected after an oral food challenge. Results: Perinatal exposure to fg-TiO$_2$ at realistic human doses led to an increased propensity to develop FA and an impaired induction of oral tolerance only in young males, which could be related to global baseline alterations in intestinal barrier, gut microbiota composition, local and systemic immunity, and metabolism. Conclusions: Long-term perinatal exposure to fg-TiO$_2$ alters intestinal homeostasis establishment and predisposes to food allergy, with a clear gender effect.

Dates and versions

hal-04334514 , version 1 (22-12-2023)

Identifiers

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Mohammad Issa, Chloé Michaudel, Marine Guinot, Marta Grauso, Blanche Guillon, et al.. Long-term exposure from perinatal life to food-grade TiO$_2$ alters intestinal homeostasis and predisposes to food allergy in young mice. Allergy, 2024, 79 (2), pp.471-484. ⟨10.1111/all.15960⟩. ⟨hal-04334514⟩
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