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Combined Genomic and Genetic Data Integration of Major Agronomical Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

Abstract : The high resolution integration of bread wheat genetic and genomic resources accumulated during the last decades offers the opportunity to unveil candidate genes driving major agronomical traits to an unprecedented scale. We combined 27 public quantitative genetic studies and four genetic maps to deliver an exhaustive consensus map consisting of 140,315 molecular markers hosting 221, 73, and 82 Quantitative Trait Loci (QTL) for respectively yield, baking quality, and grain protein content (GPC) related traits. Projection of the consensus genetic map and associated QTLs onto the wheat syntenome made of 99,386 genes ordered on the 21 chromosomes delivered a complete and non-redundant repertoire of 18, 8, 6 metaQTLs for respectively yield, baking quality and GPC, altogether associated to 15,772 genes (delivering 28,630 SNP-based makers) including 37 major candidates. Overall, this study illustrates a translational research approach in transferring information gained from grass relatives to dissect the genomic regions hosting major loci governing key agronomical traits in bread wheat, their flanking markers and associated candidate genes to be now considered as a key resource for breeding programs.
Keywords : wheat gene
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02285542
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 5:45:13 PM
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Umar Quraishi, Caroline Pont, Qurat-Ul Ain, Raphaël Flores, Laura Burlot, et al.. Combined Genomic and Genetic Data Integration of Major Agronomical Traits in Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Frontiers in Plant Science, 2017, 8, pp.1-12. ⟨10.3389/fpls.2017.01843⟩. ⟨hal-02285542⟩

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