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Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora, two grasses naturally adapted to extreme iron-rich environments

Abstract : Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora are two plant species naturally adapted to iron-rich environments such as around iron mines wastes. The aim of our work was to characterize how these two species cope with these extreme conditions by comparing them with related model species, Oryza sativa and Setaria viridis, that appeared to be much less tolerant to Fe excess. Both Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora were able to limit the amount of Fe accumulated within roots and shoots, compared to the less tolerant species. Perls/DAB staining of Fe in root cross sections indicated that Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora responded through the build-up of the iron plaque (IP), suggesting a role of this structure in the limitation of Fe uptake. Synchrotron μXRF analyses showed the presence of phosphorus, calcium, silicon and sulfur on IP of Paspalum urvillei roots and μXANES analyses identified Fe oxyhydroxide (ferrihydrite) as the main Fe form. Once within roots, high concentrations of Fe were localized in the cell walls and vacuoles of Paspalum urvillei, Setaria parviflora and O. sativa whereas Setaria viridis accumulated Fe in ferritins. The Fe forms translocated to the shoots of Setaria parviflora were identified as tri-iron complexes with citrate and malate. In leaves, all species accumulated Fe in the vacuoles of bundle sheath cells and as ferritin complexes in plastids. Taken together, our results strongly suggest that Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora set up mechanisms of Fe exclusion in roots and shoots to limit the toxicity induced by Fe excess.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 10:33:05 AM
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Talita Oliveira de Araujo, Marie-Pierre Isaure, Ghaya Alchoubassi, Katarzyna Bierla, Joanna Szpunar, et al.. Paspalum urvillei and Setaria parviflora, two grasses naturally adapted to extreme iron-rich environments. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, Elsevier, 2020, 151, pp.144-156. ⟨10.1016/j.plaphy.2020.03.014⟩. ⟨hal-02518238⟩

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