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Inhibition by fluoxetine of LH-stimulated cyclic AMP synthesis in tumor Leydig cells partly involves AMPK activation

Abstract : Fluoxetine (FLX), a widely used antidepressant primarily acting as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), has been shown to exhibit other mechanisms of action in various cell types. Consequently, it might have unexpected adverse effects not related to its intended use, possibly in the endocrine regulation of reproduction. We show in the present report that after a 1-hour preincubation of MLTC-1 Leydig cells with FLX, the intracellular cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) responses to Luteinizing Hormone (LH) and for-skolin (FSK) are reduced through AMPK-dependent and-independent pathways respectively. FLX at low concentrations (12.5μM and 25μM) induced this inhibition without triggering AMPK phosphorylation, while higher FLX concentrations (50μM and 100μM) induced AMPK phosphorylation and lowered ATP concentration similarly to Metformin. Pre-treatment with the specific AMPK inhibitor Compound C (CpdC), significantly diminished the inhibition of cAMP synthesis caused by high concentration of FLX. Moreover, as expected FLX also caused a decline of steroidogenesis which is under the control of cAMP. Taken together, these findings demonstrate that the inhibition of cAMP synthesis by FLX is dose-dependent and occurs in MLTC-1 cells through two mechanisms, AMPK-independent and AMPK-dependent, at low and high concentrations, respectively. FLX also inhibited hormone induced steroidogenesis in MLTC-1 cells and mouse testicular Leydig cells, suggesting similar mechanisms in both cell types.
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Thi Mong Diep Nguyen, Danièle Klett, Filliatreau Laura, Yves Combarnous. Inhibition by fluoxetine of LH-stimulated cyclic AMP synthesis in tumor Leydig cells partly involves AMPK activation. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2019, 14 (6), pp.1-19. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0217519⟩. ⟨hal-02543031⟩

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