Short communication: Natural 15N abundance in specific amino acids indicates associations between transamination rates and residual feed intake in beef cattle - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Animal Science Year : 2020

Short communication: Natural 15N abundance in specific amino acids indicates associations between transamination rates and residual feed intake in beef cattle

Abstract

Improving the ability of animals to convert feed resources into food for humans is needed for more sustainable livestock systems. Genetic selection for animals eating less while maintaining their performance (i.e. low residual feed intake) appears a smart strategy but its effectiveness relies on high-throughput animal phenotyping. Here, we explored plasma nitrogen (N) isotope ratios in an attempt to identify easily superior young bulls in terms of residual feed intake (RFI). For this, 48 Charolais young bulls fed two contrasting diets (corn vs grass silage diets) were selected from a larger population as extreme RFI animals (24 low-RFI vs 24 high-RFI) and their plasma analyzed for natural 15N abundance (δ15N) in the whole protein (bulk protein) and in the individual protein-bound amino acids (PbAA). For the first time, we showed that the δ15N in plasma bulk protein differed (P = 0.007) between efficient (Low-RFI) and inefficient (High-RFI) cattle regardless of diet. Furthermore, most analyzed PbAA followed the same trend as the bulk protein, with lower (P < 0.05) δ15N values in more efficient (Low-RFI) compared with less efficient (High-RFI) cattle, again regardless of diet. The only three exceptions were Phe, Met and Lys (P > 0.05) for which the first metabolic reaction before being catabolized does not involve transamination, a pathway known naturally to enrich AAs in 15N. The contrasted isotopic signatures across RFI groups only in those PbAA undergoing transamination are interpreted as differences in transamination rates and N-use efficiency between Low- and High- RFI phenotypes. Natural isotopic N signatures in bulk proteins and specific PbAA can be proposed as biomarkers of RFI in growing beef cattle fed different diets. However, the current study cannot delineate whether this effect only occurs post-absorption or to some extent also in the rumen. Our data support the conclusion that most efficient cattle in terms of RFI upregulate N conservation mechanisms compared with less efficient cattle, and justify future research on this topic.
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Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-02617014 , version 1 (04-06-2022)

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Gonzalo Cantalapiedra-Hijar, Pablo Guarnido, Anne-Marie Schiphorst, Richard Robins, Gilles G. Renand, et al.. Short communication: Natural 15N abundance in specific amino acids indicates associations between transamination rates and residual feed intake in beef cattle. Journal of Animal Science, 2020, 98 (6), pp.5647-5653. ⟨10.1093/jas/skaa171⟩. ⟨hal-02617014⟩
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