Lymphocyte-derived exosomal microRNAs promote pancreatic beta cell death and may contribute to type 1 diabetes development - INRAE - Institut national de recherche pour l’agriculture, l’alimentation et l’environnement Access content directly
Journal Articles Cell Metabolism Year : 2019

Lymphocyte-derived exosomal microRNAs promote pancreatic beta cell death and may contribute to type 1 diabetes development

Pedro Romero

Abstract

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease initiated by the invasion of pancreatic islets by immune cells that selectively kill the beta cells. We found that rodent and human T lymphocytes release exosomes containing the microRNAs (miRNAs) miR-142-3p, miR-142-5p, and miR-155, which can be transferred in active form to beta cells favoring apoptosis. Inactivation of these miRNAs in recipient beta cells prevents exosome-mediated apoptosis and protects non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice from diabetes development. Islets from protected NOD mice display higher insulin levels, lower insulitis scores, and reduced inflammation. Looking at the mechanisms underlying exosome action, we found that T lymphocyte exosomes trigger apoptosis and the expression of genes involved in chemokine signaling, including Ccl2, Ccl7, and Cxcl10, exclusively in beta cells. The induction of these genes may promote the recruitment of immune cells and exacerbate beta cell death during the autoimmune attack. Our data point to exosomal-miRNA transfer as a communication mode between immune and insulin-secreting cells.
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Dates and versions

hal-02620397 , version 1 (08-01-2024)

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Claudiane Guay, Janine K. Kruit, Sophie Rome, Veronique Menoud, Niels L. Mulder, et al.. Lymphocyte-derived exosomal microRNAs promote pancreatic beta cell death and may contribute to type 1 diabetes development. Cell Metabolism, 2019, 29 (2), pp.348-361. ⟨10.1016/j.cmet.2018.09.011⟩. ⟨hal-02620397⟩
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