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Different co-culture systems have the same impact on bovine embryo transcriptome

Abstract : During the last few years, several co-culture systems using either BOEC or VERO feeder cells have been developed to improve bovine embryo development and these systems give better results at high oxygen concentration (20%). In parallel, the SOF medium, used at 5% O2, has been developed to mimic the oviduct fluid. Since 2010s, the SOF medium has become popular in improving bovine embryo development and authors have started to associate this medium to co-culture systems. Nevertheless, little is known about the putative benefit of this association on early development. To address this question, we have compared embryo transcriptomes in four different culture conditions: SOF with BOEC or VERO at 20% O2, and SOF without feeders at 5% or 20% O2 Embryos have been analyzed at 16-cell and blastocyst stages. Co-culture systems did not improve the developmental rate when compared to 5% O2 Direct comparison of the two co-culture systems failed to highlight major differences in embryo transcriptome at both developmental stages. Both feeder cell types appear to regulate the same cytokines and growth factors pathways, and thus to influence embryo physiology in the same way. In blastocysts, when compared to culture in SOF at 5% O2, BOEC or VERO seems to reduce cell survival and differentiation by, at least, negatively regulating STAT3 and STAT5 pathways. Collectively, in SOF medium both blastocysts rate and embryo transcriptome suggest no influence of feeder origin on bovine early development and no beneficial impact of co-culture systems when compared to 5% O2.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, May 26, 2020 - 9:56:36 AM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM

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Anais Vitorino Carvalho, Eugénie Canon, Luc Jouneau, Catherine Archilla, Ludivine Laffont, et al.. Different co-culture systems have the same impact on bovine embryo transcriptome. Reproduction -Cambridge- Supplement-, 2017, 154 (5), pp.695-710. ⟨10.1530/REP-17-0449⟩. ⟨hal-02623940⟩



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